Pakistan - Drought in Southern Pakistan (Pakistan Government, UN, Joint Research Centre / ERCC Global Drought Observatory) (ECHO Daily Flash of 31 July 2019)

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11 million people in Sindh and Balochistan provinces live in areas hit by the worse drought since 2000 (UN; EU’s Joint Research Centre). Drought severely damaged food production and livestock, straining livelihoods and food security. 2018 National Nutrition Survey highlights a severe malnutrition crisis, with extremely high severe and moderate malnutrition rates beyond emergency level, especially among children under five, and lower life expectancy among pregnant and lactating women.

Preliminary findings of the Integrated Phase Classification’s (IPC) Acute Food Insecurity Analysis for the drought notified areas in Sindh and Balochistan, show over 3 million people in Food Crisis and Emergency phases (IPC Phase 3 and 4). The Humanitarian Country Team's Sindh and Baluchistan Drought Response Plan requires $96.3 million to provide emergency aid; immediate support was requested through the UN Central Emergency Response Fund.

Recent monsoon flooding exacerbates the impact of drought, further killing livestock and washing away topsoil. According to the Government of Pakistan, 77 people have died (23 in Punjab, 10 in Balochistan, 22 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 22 in AJK).