Pakistan: Cyclone Yemyin/Floods Appeal MDRPK001 Operations Update No. 14

GLIDE no FF-2007-000082-PAK and TC-2007-000084-PAK

Period covered by this Ops Update: 1 June 2008 to 28 February 2009;

Appeal target (current): CHF 14,105,138 (USD 12.46 million or EUR 9.2 million)

Appeal coverage: 99%;

Appeal history:

- A preliminary emergency appeal for Cyclone Yemyin/floods was launched on 4 July 2007 for CHF 10.38 million (USD 10 million or EUR 6.6 million) for six months to assist 98,000 beneficiaries (14,000 families)

- CHF 250,000 was allocated from the International Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 2 July 2007.

- A revised emergency appeal was launched on 17 July for CHF 21.34 million (USD 20.6 million or EUR 13.5 million) to assist 360,500 beneficiaries (51,500 families) for six months.

Operations update 13 signalled the revision of the budget to CHF 10.2 million and extension until 30 June 2009.

Summary: During the reporting period, the implementation of activities under this emergency appeal has been slow but stable. The main achievements from June 2008 until March 2009 have been the continued health support to the flood-affected communities and capacity building of the national society in terms of disaster management and the affected people. While there have been delays in the implementation, the operation still aims to close by 30 June 2009.

On behalf of the Pakistan Red Crescent Society, the International Federation thanks all Movement partners and donors for their kind and generous support and contribution to this emergency appeal.

The situation

Severe flooding caused by heavy rains in late June and early July 2007, intensified by Cyclone Yemyin, affected 2.5 million people in the southern provinces (Baluchistan and Sindh) of the country. According to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), the death toll from the rains and cyclone was 420 (205 in Baluchistan and 215 in Sindh). More than 71,500 homes were damaged and thousands of people were displaced, while 6,500 villages were destroyed in the two provinces. The return of people to their villages was eventually made possible through the recession of flood waters and facilitated by governmental cash grants of PKR 15,000 (approximately CHF 243 or USD 240) to the affected households.

Coordination and partnerships

Frequent coordination with the government authorities both at national (Islamabad) and district levels has been carried out, which has lead to generous allotment of land for building the district branch in Turbat (explained in detail under achievements). At the same time, during the vulnerabilty capacity assessment (VCA) carried out in Turbat (explained in detail under achievements), the national rural support programme, which is working very closely with the communities, supported the national society and the International Federation in mobilizing the communities.

National Society Capacity Building:

International Federation's senior disaster management manager has been assignedwith the overall responsibility of this operation. The senior disaster management manager works in direct coordination with the Sindh and Baluchistan provincial branches of the Pakistan Red Crescent Society (PRCS), keeping the national headquarters in the loop. At provincial branches, the disaster management and health officers are responsible for carrying out their respective project activities. Several disaster management and health trainings have been held for the staff hired under this operation. These trainings include branch disaster response team (BDRT) trainings, vulnerability and capacity assessment (VCA) and awareness sessions (under disaster management) and community-based health and first aid (CBHFA) training (under health).

Red Cross and Red Crescent action

Overview

This emergency operation was changed to a recovery operation in July 2008. The recovery operation covers health care, disaster management and organizational development project components. These projects are being implemented under integrated programme approach (IPA). Under this approach, there is one programme and all the projects under it are interrelated.

Since the last operations update, PRCS has been overwhelmed by emergency response to the internally displaced persons (IDP) situation in the North West Frontier Province (supported by ICRC) and Baluchistan earthquake operation; for the latter, the International Federation launched an emergency appeal for CHF 2.5 million to provide shelter assistance to 4,000 families. The progress of the activities under the Cyclone Yemyin/floods operation has been slow. Therefore, the International Federation country office, along with the PRCS, has revised the implementing timeline of the activities

One International Federation senior disaster management manager has been assigned to supervise the implementation of the floods recovery operation.

So far, the pace of the activities has been slow but steady and the disaster management structures, along with the basic health units established in the flood-affected areas, are fully functional.