Pakistan: Baluchistan Earthquake Emergency appeal No. MDRPK002 Final Report
Period covered by this Final Report: 29 October 2009 to 18 May 2009;
Appeal target (current): CHF 2.5 million (=B1USD 2.08 million or =B1EUR 1.65 million);
Final Appeal coverage: 49%; however, total coverage actually 80% including all bilateral contributions direct to Pakistan Red Crescent
This Emergency Appeal was launched on 19 November 2008 for CHF 2.5 million (USD 2.08 million or EUR 1.65 million) to provide 4,000 emergency shelter provisions to the families (10 persons per family) affected by the earthquakes which struck Baluchistan on 29 October 2008.
The Pakistan Red Crescent Society (PRCS), with the support of the International Federation under this appeal, responded to the series of earthquakes that struck in the early hours of 29 October 2008, by distributing emergency shelter items. The initial operation was completed in 23 days (from 14 December 2008 to 5 January 2009). Supplementary distributions were later on carried out on the request of emergency shelter cluster. A total of 3,793 families received emergency shelter assistance: 3,735 families were assisted in 23 days while another 58 families were assisted during supplementary distributions. 35 model shelters were also constructed to demonstrate and disseminate the proposed manner of construction.
Various humanitarian organizations including PRCS, with the support of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), provided food, non-food items, and health care and other needs to the affected population. However, a gap for shelter remained. This appeal was launched on 19 November 2008 for CHF 2.5 million. During winters, the temperatures in the affected districts of Ziarat, Pashin and Harnai dropped below freezing. This appeal sought to provide support to families not covered by the humanitarian response of other agencies and to support the PRCS in assisting those affected by this earthquake.
This appeal was launched based on the needs identified by the PRCS/International Federation assessment teams. This was also in response to the request of the national disaster management authority (NDMA).
The report gives the complete details of the emergency shelter distributions carried out under this appeal. A branch disaster management team (BDRT) training was also conducted in January 2009 for the national society's staff and volunteers (30 in total) who worked in this earthquake operation.
This was the second time (after the Cyclone Yemyin/floods operation in 2007) in Pakistan that the International Federation acted as emergency shelter cluster 'convener'.
The PRCS/International Federation were able to follow up with the procurement of the emergency winter shelter items in a timely manner and efficiently provide shelter assistance to the earthquake affected families.
Key lessons learnt include the pre-positioning of emergency shelter stocks to ensure that communities receive immediate assistance following a disaster. Another lesson learnt is the retention of committed volunteers on a long-term basis. In addition, the in-country Red Cross Red Crescent Movement partners seek to improve internal coordination.
This emergency appeal was launched for six months with the operating timeframe ending in May 2009. This is the final report for the Baluchistan earthquake emergency appeal. All funds have been spent. The last remaining funds from the appeal were used to procure emergency shelter items for 445 families, which have been stored at the PRCS national headquarters.
The Baluchistan earthquake operation inspired the International Federation's delegation to develop warm and winterised emergency shelters for mountainous conditions. This project is expected to be completed by the end of August 2009.
This appeal received multilateral contributions from: British Red Cross, Danish Red Cross, Monaco Red Cross, Netherlands Red Cross/Netherlands government, Norwegian Red Cross, the Republic of Korea Red Cross, Swedish Red Cross/government, Swiss Red Cross, and the International Development and Relief Foundation (IDRF). The PRCS/International Federation response was also bilaterally supported by the German Red Cross, Iranian Red Crescent, Kuwait Red Crescent and Spanish Red Cross. The German Red Cross supported this emergency appeal on a bilateral basis through in-kind donations with the value of EUR 230,000. Of the total requirements, the German Red Cross pledged the following inkind items for the Baluchistan earthquake operation: 8,000 tarpaulins; 4,000 shelter repair kits (German Red Cross to make direct payment to the supplier); and 30,000 bamboo poles and 9,000 timber planks. In addition, The Spanish Red Cross also supported this emergency appeal bilaterally through paying for the shelter items (mainly corrugated galvanized iron (CGI) sheets for an amount of EUR 300,000. The International Federation, on behalf of PRCS would like to thank all partners who contributed generously to this appeal.