This Initial Observation Report illustrates the situation of 45 off-camp Internally Displaced People (IDP) communities at District Peshawar in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan. Fresh IDP influx from Tehsil Bara of Khyber Agency started to Peshawar in January 2012 and continues to date with increasing numbers. In total, 2,157 families (approximately 16,500 people) were assessed in 45 off-camp IDP communities across District Peshawar in order to gain insight about their situation and immediate needs.
Food Security Assessment findings show that 7.3 percent of IDPs communities do not have any food stock. Where food is available, 56 percent of communities stated that they possess food stocks for only 1 – 3 days. Furthermore, 40 percent of assessed off-camp IDP communities reported that they have not received any food assistance. Alarmingly, 82.2 percent women respondents reported decrease in frequency of breastfeeding after displacement.
The IDP registration trend at Jalozai camp was found to be 67.11 percent in assessed off camps IDP communities. However, the collection of food aid from the camp was only practiced in 60% of the communities. This implies that there are certain IDP communities who are not claiming their entitled monthly food rations despite being registered as IDPs. The main reason for not collecting the food rations shared by the registered IDPs is unawareness of the exact schedule of food distribution at Jalozai camp. Also, the high cost of transportation to bring food from Jalozai camp to their communities is something that they cannot afford and is often difficult for them to arrange.
Sources of Drinking Water Nearly 55.6 percent of the assessed IDP communities reported underground water as their main source of drinking water including dug well, tube well and hand pump. Meanwhile, 33.3 percent are accessing drinking water through government water supply schemes. Respondents shared that drinking water obtained from various sources is generally insufficient.
Availability of Non-Food Items Off-camp IDPs in 86.7 percent of communities do not have appropriate utensils for cooking and eating such as stoves, pots, dishes, cups and others. Similarly, 53.3 percent reported that most people do not have containers which can hold 10-20 liters of water. Key informants from 57.8 percent communities shared that they have not received NFI assistance as yet.
Access to Health Care Services 29.9 percent of IDP communities who have access to health facilities travel more than 16 kilometers to reach the nearest facility. 35.6 percent of IDP communities shared that they access Tehsil Headquarter Hospital (THQ), District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ) and Civil Hospital (CH). 40 percent of the off-camp IDP communities reported dependence on private clinics for attainment of basic health services while 95.6 percent of those receiving healthcare from mentioned facilities do not get free medicines. Only 4.4 percent communities shared that people are receiving sufficient medical care. The study findings also indicate that diarrhea is the most common disease prevailing in both adults and children in assessed off-camp IDP communities.
Availability of Latrine Facilities In off-camp IDP communities utilizing latrine facilities, 82.2 percent are using pit latrines while 17.8 percent are mainly using flush system latrines. Separate latrine facilities for male and female members are available at only 9 percent of off-camp IDP communities.
Main Sources of Income 40 percent off-camp IDP communities reported agriculture or livestock while 36 percent reported casual labor as their main source of income before displacement. Worryingly, 96 percent off-camp IDP communities reported that their main source of income has been completely or significantly destroyed due to conflict and displacement.
Protection Issues From the assessed 45 off-camp IDP communities, 29 cases of separated children have been reported while 67 orphaned children were also identified. Moreover, 76 percent of IDP communities assessed have no safe playing area for children. 67 percent mothers reported undesirable change in their children’s behavior after displacement.
Education At 55.6% of the assessed off-camp IDP communities families had not enrolled their children in schools. Furthermore, at 28.8 percent of assessed IDP communities confirmed the need for informal education centers.