MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
The 2012 HIP published on 9 November 2011 designated an amount of EUR 35,000,000 for humanitarian needs in Pakistan relating both to general assistance and food assistance. The HIP was prepared and issued at a time when the consequences of the 2011 monsoon floods were not fully known. Access to areas affected both by floods and conflict was not fully ensured. The present humanitarian situation in Pakistan requires that additional funds be made available not only for the follow-up of the previous crises but also because of the new displacement which is currently taking place in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) following the military intervention in Khyber agency in the Federally Administered Tribal areas (FATA).
The impact of the 2011 floods in the Southern Province of Sindh has been particularly severe for an already very vulnerable population. The results of a National Nutrition Survey (NNS) launched in September 2011 show that Sindh is home to the highest proportion of food-insecure people in Pakistan, with almost 72% of households suffering from food insecurity. The 2011 survey concludes that Sindh has the highest levels of malnutrition in the country, with Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rates of 17.5 % amongst children under five, above the World Health Organisation (WHO) “critical” threshold of 15 %. The situation has worsened since the onset of the 2011 floods. In view of the critical levels of food insecurity in Sindh, it is seen as a priority to continue to support the response in the areas of food and nutrition.
Recent security operations in Khyber agency resulted in a large influx of IDPs end of January 2012. A high proportion of the families displaced appear to be women-headed households. Most of these families have children and are being prioritized for registration, tent allocation and provision of humanitarian assistance. Although UN agencies, international partners and the Provincial Disaster Management Authority have rapidly scaled up activities in order to register and provide assistance to these families, this process has been hampered by the sheer scale and speed of the influx.
It is now crucial to provide assistance as quickly as possible with a clear priority for shelter and NFIs, food, health, and water and sanitation. It is also important to ensure that the off-camp population receive the right level of attention compared to those who may choose to stay in Jalozai camp.
For these reasons, an additional amount of EUR 20,000,000 has been allocated to the current 2012 HIP. From this EUR 20,000,000, an amount of EUR 10,000,000 is being allocated to increase the amount available for humanitarian response identified during the selection procedure for Assessment Round 3. The remaining EUR 10,000,000 will be allocated to address new humanitarian needs resulting from the displacement. The total EUR 55,000,000 has now been allocated to the general humanitarian assistance budget line from which food assistance interventions can also be funded.