Pakistan

Humanitarian Action for Children 2020 - Pakistan

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Pakistan remains affected by the malnutrition crisis in Sindh and Balochistan provinces, as well as the protracted conflict situation in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa merged districts. The country has a global acute malnutrition (GAM) rate of 17.7 per cent, exceeding the emergency threshold. In Sindh and Balochistan provinces, which are experiencing drought-like conditions affecting 5 million people, the GAM rate is double the emergency threshold, exacerbating hardships for communities already vulnerable due to chronic poverty and food insecurity. By October 2018, over 97 per cent of displaced families had returned to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa merged districts (16,780 families remain internally displaced). However, most of these families lack access to basic services, with 47 per cent of returnees using contaminated water and 64 per cent without access to health care. In addition, the country is facing a new crisis in Sindh. While an estimated 165,000 people are living with HIV in Pakistan, including nearly 5,500 children under 15 years, the HIV situation in Larkana District, Sindh province, is much worse. Out of 34,000 people tested for HIV, more than 1,000 (833 children under 15) were found to be HIV positive. Unless concerted efforts are made to stop HIV transmission, this figure will increase.

Humanitarian strategy

In 2020, in collaboration with the World Food Programme (WFP) and the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF will scale up integrated life-saving nutrition services, including community management of acute malnutrition and infant and young child feeding, in health facilities and mobile/satellite sites to address severe acute malnutrition (SAM) rates exceeding 10 per cent in 47 districts.7 In line with the 2019 Drought Response Plan, UNICEF and partners will address government service delivery gaps, focusing on vulnerable populations and areas. UNICEF's water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) strategy will focus on strengthening service delivery through sustainable solutions that ensure WASH facilities in health and nutrition centres; and addressing gaps at the household and community levels.8 In line with the United Nations and World Bank Merged Areas Transition Plan (2018–2020),9 UNICEF will meet humanitarian needs in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa merged districts by increasing access to basic services through systems strengthening and by building resilience. The government-led HIV response in Larkana District will be supported through community-based and clinical HIV services. UNICEF will also strengthen national and sub-national capacities for disaster risk reduction and maintain contingency stocks to strengthen emergency preparedness.

Results from 2019

As of 31 August 2019, UNICEF had US$7.36 million available against the revised US$46.9 million appeal (15.7 per cent funded).10 The humanitarian programme was constrained by lack of funding; only the nutrition programme had significant carry-over funds (US$1.4 million) to support the response in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa merged districts, enabling the therapeutic treatment of some 3,800 children. Nearly 32,000 children aged 6 to 59 months and nearly 25,000 pregnant and lactating women received multiple micronutrient supplementation. UNICEF supported life-saving health services for populations returning to the tribal districts. The increase in returns has highlighted the urgent need to rehabilitate basic facilities affected by years of conflict. Given that implementing partners have limited capacity in drought-affected areas, the majority of the funds received were used for the drought response; however as the drought response aims to provide longer-term relief (i.e., activities related to access to water are linked with the rehabilitation of drinking water schemes), the results are taking longer to realize. Due to limited humanitarian funding, UNICEF leveraged its core resources, including donor funding for development programmes, to achieve limited results in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa merged districts.