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Flow Monitoring - Spontaneous Returns of Undocumented Afghans from Pakistan (July - September 2021)

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IOM Pakistan collects data on the outflows of undocumented Afghan migrants at the Torkham and Chaman border crossing points in an effort to better understand the migration movements of undocumented Afghan migrants returning to Afghanistan from Pakistan. This report is part of the European Union funded project ‘‘Displacement Tracking Matrix Regional Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy (DTM REMAP)”. Key findings during this reporting period are:

  • From July to September 2021, 5,960 undocumented Afghan migrants spontaneously returned to Afghanistan, including 518 through the Torkham border point and 5,442 through the Chaman border point.
  • Among the total number of undocumented Afghan returnees, border authorities facilitated the return of 1,100 individuals due to the lack of legal documentation to remain in Pakistan. Therefore, information concerning these 1,100 individuals is not included in the report analysis.
  • The average family size of returnees was 11 individuals and 14% of all returnees recorded during the reporting period were categorized as vulnerable persons.
  • All returnees were carrying household items, personal belongings and cash when surveyed. They also traveled with additional items, such as productive assets (98%), transportation vehicles (34%) and livestock (3%).
  • The top 3 challenges returnees expected to face in Afghansitan were: arranging livelihood (100%), settling into a new city (99%) and finding better income opportunities (95%).