Pakistan + 1 more

Flow Monitoring - Spontaneous Returns of Undocumented Afghans from Pakistan (31 Jan. - 13 Feb. 2021)

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IOM Pakistan collects data on the outflows of undocumented Afghan migrants at the Torkham and Chaman border crossing points in an effort to better understand the migration movements of undocumented Afghan migrants returning to Afghanistan from Pakistan. This exercise is part of the European Union funded project “Displacement Tracking Matrix Regional Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy (DTM REMAP)”.

From 31 January to 13 February 2021, 273 undocumented Afghan migrants returned to Afghanistan, including 34 through the Torkham border point and 239 through the Chaman border point. During the reporting period, border authorities facilitated the return of 23 individuals due to the lack of legal documentation to remain in Pakistan. Therefore, information concerning these 23 individuals is not included in the report analysis


• During the reporting period, 16% of returnees were categorized as vulnerable persons, mainly elderly and chronically ill.

• In Pakistan, the primary sources of income reported by returnees were: unskilled labor (68%), skilled labor (23%) and business (7%).

• All returnees were carrying household items, personal belonging and cash when surveyed. They also traveled with additional items, such as productive assets (82%) and transportation or private vehicle (16%).

• The average cost of travelling from Pakistan to Afghanistan reported was 8,795 PKR per family.

• The top 3 challenges returnees expect to face in Afghanistan are: arranging for livelihoods (26%), finding income opportunities (26%) and settling into a new city (26%).

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