Factbox - More than one million displaced in Pakistan, 18 May 2009

May 18 (Reuters) - No stone will be left unturned in efforts to help more than 1 million people displaced by a Pakistani army offensive against Taliban militants in their bastion of Swat, Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani s

A failure to respond to one of the most dramatic displacement crises in recent times could generate instability, U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees Antonio Guterres said on the weekend as he called for "massive support" from the international community.

Following are some facts about the displaced.

- The U.N. refugee agency said it had registered 1.17 million people displaced by the fighting in the Swat area since May 2 but an unknown number of people are believed not to have bothered registering.

- They are joining about 555,000 displaced by earlier fighting in the northwest.

- The United Nations says about 48 percent of the displaced are children and the country faces a long-term humanitarian crisis.

- The U.N. refugee agency said of the total number of people it had registered, only about 18 percent were staying in 12 camps set up by the authorities. The rest were staying with friends, relatives, in rented accommodation or in "spontaneous settlements" that were springing up.

- The U.N. refugee agency has opened stockpiles of supplies to help the displaced and has also airlifted in 120 tonnes of supplies including plastic sheets for shelters and mosquito nets.

- The U.N. World Food Programme has mobilised its in-country stocks and is feeding 780,000 people.

- The World Health Organisation (WHO) has delivered 20 mini-emergency health kits, enough for 120,000 people for one month.

- A WHO spokesman in Geneva said late last week the health situation was not extremely serious but diseases were starting to take hold.

- Cases included 9,020 people with acute respiratory infections, 5,571 with acute diarrhoea, 1,749 cases of lower respiratory infection and 903 cases of bloody diarrhoea.

- The army, which played a major role in helping survivors of a big earthquake in 2005, is donating part of its rations to the relief effort, enough to feed about 80,000 adults a day.

- The United States has donated $4.9 million for basic supplies such as tents, blankets and cooking kits, while Britain had donated 10 million pounds ($15.19 million). France has promised 12 million euro ($8.8 million).

- Both the United Nations and the government are due to outline the needs and issue appeals for help this week. (Writing by Robert Birsel; Editing by Jerry Norton)


Reuters - Thomson Reuters Foundation
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