Pakistan

Earthquake relief and recovery: Processes and principles

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Preliminary Note

The devastating earthquake which hit Himalayan mountain range and part of Hindu Kush region in India and Pakistan has massively destabilized life and livelihood in rural clusters and urban centers of North Western Frontier Province (NWFP) of Pakistan and Azad Jmmun and Kashmir. Search, rescue and relief efforts were undertaken, which were not quite efficient, effective and well-coordinated.

Gaps in emergency response and relief caused more damage and devastation and exposed governance institutions which were not prepared and geared to deal with such a huge calamity.

This is largely because of policy gaps and institutional apathy towards disaster management with an aim to risk reduction in disaster-prone areas, regions and communities.

Disasters are generally treated in isolation from mainstream development planning, which accentuates risks within macro and micro geographies. In Pakistan, the orientation and capacity of counter disaster institutions remain reactive and short of required understanding and skills for an effective disaster risk reduction.

Currently, as the government of Pakistan and international agencies have announced to embark upon earthquake recovery and rehabilitation endeavors, Rural Development Policy Institute along with its partners the Intermediate Technology Development Group- South Asia (Practical Action) and Duryog Nivaran has attempted to develop generic guidelines to inform and influence the recovery process in Pakistan.

This technical brief Earthquake Recovery and Rehabilitation in Pakistan: Processes and Principles is an attempt to provide planners, managers and implementers with background concepts, planning tools and implementation methods for a more sustainable and holistic recovery and rehabilitation of disaster-hit areas and communities.

Sources for this brief are acknowledged at the end. However, it is to be noted that the brief is open to further improvements, comments and suggestions.

We owe special thanks to Dr. Vishaka Hidellege (ITDG South Asia), Madhavi Malalgoda Ariyabandu (UNDP, Sri Lanka), Ramona Miranda, Ranasinghe Perera, Ramitha Wijethunga, Buddika Hapuarachchi, Sharon de Alwis (ITDG, South Asia), Abdul Shakoor, Qaswer Abbas, Mohmmad Shoaib (RDPI, Pakistan) for their support and feed-back.

Amjad Bhatti
Islamabad
November 10, 2005

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