Pakistan is one of the most vulnerable countries due to climate change. The Global Climate Risk Index (GCRI) has ranked Pakistan in the top 10 countries adversely affected by climate change. Due to La-Nina the climatic condition of Pakistan has adversely affected since October 2020.
The country overall received below normal (-33.2%) rainfall during (Oct-20 to Apr-21). The main thrust was in Balochistan (-63.3%) and Sindh (-77.3%) while it remained above normal during November throughout the country. It is also expected that from February to June 2021, most of the country will experience dry spell.
Gradual increase in temperature is expected in next two to three months which will negatively affect the agro-climatic conditions in Balochistan and Sindh.
Since last year, due to deficient rainfall, moderate drought like condition has emerged in most of the central and southern districts of Balochistan and South Eastern districts of Sindh.
The continuous drier conditions in Balochistan and Sindh particularly, may increase the water requirements for the standing crops and orchards.
The markets prices of essentially food commodities generally remain stable during the first quarter of the year (Jan-March 2021). On a month on month basis, in April 202 1 the average retail price of wheat flour remained unchanged, while it registered a decrease of 4 percent in Karachi.
FOOD SECURITY SITUATION
According to the FS and livelihood assessment that was conducted in most of the drought vulnerable areas of Balochistan and Sindh, Overall, around two-fifth (43 percent) of the surveyed households reported their household livelihood/income was severely affected by locust infestation and 26 percent reported moderately affected. In case of impact of monsoon rains/flooding on household livelihood/income, 37 percent of the surveyed households reported it is severely affected and 26 percent reported moderately affected. Furthermore, 31 percent of the surveyed households reported their household livelihood/income was severely affected by COVID-19.
Special points of interest:
The drought conditions have emerged in the drought vulnerable areas of Pakistan
Below normal rainfall causes drought like conditions in Balochistan and Sindh
Gradual increase in temperature would also negatively impact the agro-climatic condition of most vulnerable areas
Forecast of rainfall is Low to Below normal from April to June
Prices of some food commodities registered significant increase while other remain stable