EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Currently different parts of country are experience acute shortage of water caused by poor monsoon which developed drought-like situation in many regions. This situation has made difficult for vulnerable communities to manage and survive who mainly depends upon rain fed agriculture and livestock management.
In Sindh province current monsoon could not bring sufficient rain to fulfill agriculture and other needs.
Over last three years District Tharparkar facing drought like situation, considers one of least developed regions of country characterized by cultural and religious diversity. The largest religious minority population lives in Tharparkar region one of the most disaster prone areas where vulnerable communities have witnessed series of disasters since many decades particularly droughts with devastated impacts.
In proposed area Extensive droughts, disaster events especially fire incidents and water shortage affected marginal population who loss whatever assets they have and suffer from social and economic pressure interims of local crop failure, deaths of livestock, downing water table and food insufficiency.
Large population in the remote areas is facing difficulties to access drinkable water. They have to fetch water from distant locations, mostly women and girls have founded busy in fetching water, spending hours in long travel and queuing period. Different report and reaches reveals that insufficiency of WASH facilities are leading cause of diarrheal deaths of children that also contributes to malnutrition, reduced resistance to infections and when prolonged, to impaired physical and cognitive growth and development as well as school readiness and performance. .
After officially declaring drought-troubled areas of Sindh include Tharparkar, FRDP conducted comprehensive need assessment exercise on 19th to 21st September 2018. The overall purpose of exercise was to assess and analyze current ground situation of drought-declared areas, gaps and area of intervention by multi-stakeholder deliberations.
The scope and purpose of need assessment
Understand drought impact intensity, community coup-up strategy, support-level gaps, and district authorities’ strategy to manage disaster.
Identify potential threats to people and their socio-economic life
Understand supply and demand gaps at stakeholder and community level hinder in living standard social life