DFID CHAD OT Situation Report No. 39 - South Asia earthquake


7.6 earthquake (depth 10 kilometres) hit at 08.50 Pakistan time (03.50 GMT), on 8 October with the epicentre in Muzaffarabad. Area affected approximately 30,000 sq. miles.

3.3 million people affected (500,000 families). Nearly 2.5 million people have lost their houses. 2.3 million food insecure. (Government/WFP)

Current Situation Overview

Key Issues

The Government of Pakistan continues to plan for closure of all tented camps in NWFP by 31st March, with some 80,000 people being returned to their places of origin. [UNHCR]

Registrations and needs assessment for people in spontaneous camps should yield information next week – preliminary results suggest that more than 75,000 people in 600 camps will be identified, with major outstanding needs for water and sanitation, food and shelter assistance. [DFID Field Team]

Good weather holds, with signs of early spring. The DFID Field Team is in dialogue with NGO and UN partners, with a meeting of key partners planned in Islamabad, to form a consensus on whether it is safe to move from emergency and relief activities towards recovery. [DFID Field Team]


The Emergency Shelter Cluster is no longer holding separate meetings. It alternates weekly joint meetings with Housing and Camp Management. [DFID Field Team]

The cluster considers that generally the affected areas have been covered, though isolated pockets of need remain, including Kohistan area. Pipeline shelter and non-food items are arriving faster now. [DFID Field Team]

Camp Management

There are no significant movements of population at present, though displaced people continue to arrive in camps in Bagh and Battagram. [UNHCR]

Families in the worst spontaneous camps are being assisted to relocate to better camps. Families are also starting to return home from spontaneous camps to rebuild. The current registration process for larger camps should identify camp population sizes and people’s intentions. [UNHCR]

Improvements in services are slower than desired, with particular concerns over the lack of water and sanitation supply, female latrines and communal kitchens. [UNHCR]. Winterisation continues with distribution of stoves, kerosene and blankets. The new Deputy Humanitarian Coordinator will prioritise improvement of services to spontaneous camps. [DFID field team]

Training programmes in Camp Management and Urdu are underway. [DFID field team]

Water and Sanitation

A workshop on information management systems was hosted by UNICEF this week. Discussions focused on qualitative monitoring to improve the impact of activities. Linkages have been established with the Disease Early Warning System, DEWS. [DFID Field Team]

Improvements in WATSAN continue, together with improving identification of gaps, though provision still frequently falls far short of the SPHERE standards. Spontaneous camps and rural areas are identified as having the greatest outstanding needs. [WATSAN cluster]

Food and Nutrition

There is a continuing lack of consensus within the Cluster over the continued need for food assistance. To be discussed at cluster meeting tomorrow. [DFID Field Team]

UNHAS is proposing an extension of operations until the end of December 2006. If this is approved, they will have a funding shortfall of $89 million. [DFID Field Team]


The health cluster’s key focus is now on the transition phase starting from 1st March. The cluster is concerned that the local health authorities lack the necessary qualified staff and health structures to cope with the departure of NGOs. [DFID Field Team]

WHO has identified 37 national and international field hospitals. There is no clear plan yet regarding closure of these hospitals. [DFID Field Team]

DFID Field team and partners seek to ensure that the Disease Early Warning System covers spontaneous settlements as well as planned camps in the weekly report. The lack of data collection and analysis for spontaneous camps is a concern. [DFID field team]

WHO, UNICEF and UNFPA will provide 113 Basic Health Units, 29 Rural Health Centres and 2 THQs, including staff accommodation and training, supplies and equipment. [Health Cluster]

Air Operations

UN staff movements and flights are suspended on 8th-9th February due to a religious holiday. [DFID Field Team]

DFID Response to Date

DFID has committed £52.9 million out of a total £58 million pledged. £70 million has also been pledged for reconstruction over three years. UK total aid pledged is £128 million. Please see ANNEX 1 for details.

UN Flash Appeal for $552 million over six months. $327 million committed (59%).

Ongoing Planning/Operations

DFID supply of shelter winterisation items to IOM is progressing well – table below provides details of outstanding items:

Total Quantity
Qty Arrived
Qty Remaining
10-15 Feb
8,050 in transit
94,326 awaiting inspection
130,000 under production
Plastic Sheeting
After 09/02/06
(x 16.6m)
All despatched – seeking receipt from IOM

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