1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
In August 2008 Pakistan suffered a series of overlapping crises that led to substantial internal displacement and left hundreds of thousands in need of humanitarian assistance. These events have come at a time when Pakistan is reeling from the effects of the global food crisis, exacerbating an already precarious situation.
Unusually heavy monsoon rains and flash floods in early August 2008 affected over 300,000 people. Peshawar District in the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) and Rajanpur District in Punjab Province were particularly badly affected. Most of the immediate humanitarian needs of the floodaffected population have now been met. Families that remained close to their homes after the disaster have started to reconstruct their houses and rebuild their lives. As recovery and reconstruction is underway, attention is now given to livelihood support for the most vulnerable among those families, with a focus on agricultural activities. Overall, this caseload is estimated at less than 100,000 people.
Fighting between the Government and militant groups in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and in Swat District in NWFP, which prompted the displacement of many families in the summer of 2008, continues to cause significant internal displacement. In Swat district, fighting is on the rise with an estimated 50% of the total 1.8 million inhabitants severely affected by the conflict and a large number of individuals displaced within the district. Similarly, a staggering 20% of the total population (est. 850,000) of Bajaur agency in FATA has been displaced to NWFP, while an unknown number of people are likely to be affected within the agency itself.
Until now, 232,720 people displaced by the ongoing fighting have been registered in nine districts of NWFP. This includes 178,056 individuals living outside the camps with host families or rented accommodation and 54,664 people living in 12 camps, which have been established in safer districts of NWFP. However, the total number of people in need of humanitarian assistance is higher, as registration outside the camps has only taken place so far in 70% of the affected northern districts. In addition, the local IASC Country Team (IASC CT) foresees that the conflict in FATA and in Swat District in NWFP will continue to escalate throughout the year 2009, causing new displacements. Overall, the total IDP caseload could reach up to 625,000 people, which this plan takes as the planning figure.
Initially, the Government, UN agencies, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, and NGOs responded to the immediate needs using contingency stocks and stocks diverted from other programmes. As humanitarian needs increased, the IASC CT, under the leadership of the Humanitarian Coordinator, launched the coordinated Humanitarian Response Plan in September 2008, seeking a total of US$1 55 million for an initial planning horizon of six months.
Considering the increased number of individuals in need of humanitarian assistance, as well as the possibility of a further deterioration of the situation, the IASC CT decided to revise the original response plan and extend its planning horizon through December 2009. This Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) is the result of broad and inclusive consultations between UN organisations, government counterparts at the federal and provincial level, local and international NGOs and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. The HRP seeks a new total of $129.8 million to fund the 21 NGOs and 11 UN organisations which have included projects. Partners have indicated that $30 million of funding has been made available for their proposed projects since the HRP's original launch, leaving an outstanding requirements for the rest of 2009 of $100 million.
The Plan prioritises immediate life-saving and/or time-critical activities in food aid, nutrition, health, water, sanitation and hygiene, camp management, shelter and protection, the rapid restoration of agriculture-based livelihoods, and early recovery. Programming has also taken into account the volatility of the situation in FATA and in Swat District and the need to reach out to affected populations outside the camps. The assistance of the donor community is urgently needed to continue the current response throughout 2009; to ensure that the humanitarian community can rapidly react to the changing situation in the coming months; and to provide humanitarian services and assistance to the most vulnerable among the conflict-affected communities.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Table I. Summary of Requirements, Commitments/Contributions and Pledges – By Cluster
Table II.Summary of Requirements, Commitments/Contributions and Pledges – By Appealing Organisation
2. CONTEXT AND NEEDS ANALYSIS
2.2 HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES AND NEEDS ANALYSIS
3. RESPONSE PLANS
3.1 CAMP MANAGEMENT, SHELTER AND PROTECTION
3.3 WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE (WASH)
3.4 FOOD SECURITY
3.9 EARLY RECOVERY
4. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
ANNEX I. LISTS OF 2009 PROJECTS
PROJECTS GROUPED BY CLUSTER, WITH FUNDING STATUS OF EACH
PROJECTS GROUPED BY APPEALING ORGANISATION, WITH FUNDING STATUS OF EACH
SUMMARY OF REQUIREMENTS, CONTRIBUTIONS AND PLEDGES GROUPED BY IASC STANDARD SECTOR
ANNEX II. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
Please note that appeals are revised regularly. The latest version of this document is available on http://www.humanitarianappeal.net. Continuously-updated project details and budgets can be seen on www.reliefweb.int/fts
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