Pakistan

Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP): Flash Appeal 2005 for South Asia Earthquake


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
A 7.6 magnitude earthquake struck south Asia on the morning of October 8, devastating parts of northern Pakistan, India and Afghanistan. The epicentre of the earthquake was located 95 kilometres northeast of the Pakistan capital Islamabad. The earthquake immediately destroyed many buildings, and strong aftershocks threatened buildings already damaged by the initial earthquake.

In areas of the Pakistan-administered part of Kashmir and Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP), many villages were almost wiped out. Unverified reports from the region describe 80-90% destruction in the cities and villages in northern Pakistan and in the Pakistan-administered part of Kashmir, particularly Muzaffarabad and Mansehra, towns with populations of over 200,000. The region, home to a population of 4 million, has suffered extensive damage. One million people are in acute need of assistance.

Casualty figures are difficult to predict and vary greatly. On the second day, officials stated 18,000 casualties, whereas on the third day, other officials were quoting over 30,000 dead. Neither figure can be confirmed, but higher figures are to be expected as rescue and recovery operations continue. In several parts of Pakistan, schools were in session when the earthquake struck, and many schools collapsed, trapping students inside. The type of stone- and mud-sided construction leaves little hope for survivors inside buildings. Many public-sector workers were among the victims, hampering the ability to rebuild.

There are enormous logistical difficulties in the region: landslides have cut off many roads, allowing access only by foot or helicopter. Slowly, roads to the most affected areas are being opened, but remote areas can only be reached by limited air resources.

Due to strong and frequent aftershocks, survivors are afraid to go back inside buildings that have been damaged by the earthquake. Many are sleeping in fields. There is an urgent need for tents to house these people, especially winterised tents in the northern areas as the temperatures are beginning to drop. Medical care is also in critical need as most of the hospitals in the affected areas have been destroyed. Food and water are also in short supply.

Based on reports from the nine cluster groups, the total amount of money needed in this initial appeal is US$ 311,876,000 for actions up to six months.

Given that the disaster occurred 72 hours ago and access is still impossible to many of the areas struck by the earthquake, the projects outlined in this initial flash appeal focus on life-saving issues. The projects are to be adjusted and expanded to include more focus on recovery in the near future as soon as more precise information is available.

South Asia Earthquake Flash Appeal 2005
Summary of Requirements - by Sector
as of 14 October 2005
http://www.reliefweb.int/fts
Compiled by OCHA on the basis of information provided by the respective appealing organisation.
Sector Name
Original Requirements
AGRICULTURE
14,200,000
COORDINATION AND SUPPORT SERVICES
42,980,000
ECONOMIC RECOVERY AND INFRASTRUCTURE
27,000,000
EDUCATION
14,800,000
FOOD
56,000,000
HEALTH
34,720,000
MULTI-SECTOR
22,000,000
PROTECTION/HUMAN RIGHTS/RULE OF LAW
10,000,000
SECURITY
1,176,000
SHELTER AND NON-FOOD ITEMS
60,750,000
WATER AND SANITATION
28,250,000
Grand Total
311,876,000
South Asia Earthquake Flash Appeal 2005
Summary of Requirements - By Appealing Organisation
as of 14 October 2005
http://www.reliefweb.int/fts
Compiled by OCHA on the basis of information provided by the respective appealing organisation.
Appealing Organisation
Original Requirements
FAO
14,200,000
ILO
5,500,000
IOM
20,000,000
MDM
500,000
OCHA
2,750,000
SC Alliance
720,000
UNAIDS
500,000
UNDGO
200,000
UNDP
68,300,000
UNDSS (previously UNSECOORD)
1,176,000
UNEP
500,000
UNESCO
800,000
UNFPA
3,200,000
UN-HABITAT
5,000,000
UNHCR
22,000,000
UNICEF
62,350,000
WFP
88,630,000
WHO
14,200,000
WV
1,350,000
Grand Total
311,876,000

The list of projects and the figures for their funding requirements in this document are a snapshot as of 14 October 2005. For continuously updated information on projects, funding requirements, and contributions to date, visit the Financial Tracking Service (www.reliefweb.int/fts).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Table I: Summary of Requirements – By Sector and Appealing Organisation

2. CONTEXT AND HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES

2.1 Context
2.2 Humanitarian Consequences

3. RESPONSE PLANS

3.1 Health Cluster
3.2 Shelter Cluster
3.3 Food and Nutrition Cluster
3.4 Camp Management Cluster
3.5 Water and Sanitation Cluster
3.6 Protection Cluster/Child friendly learning spaces
3.7 Reconstruction Cluster
3.8 Logistics Cluster
3.9 Information and Telecommunications Cluster
3.10 Coordination
3.11 Safety and Security

Table II: List of Projects – By Sector
Table III: List of Projects – By Appealing Organisation

ANNEX I. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

Note: The full text of this revised appeal is available on-line in Adobe Acrobat (pdf) format and may also be downloaded in zipped MS Word format.

Full Revised Flash Appeal [pdf* format] [zipped MS Word format]

* Get the Adobe Acrobat Viewer (free)

For additional copies, please contact:

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Palais des Nations
8-14 Avenue de la Paix
CH - 1211 Geneva, Switzerland

Tel.: (41 22) 917.1972
Fax: (41 22) 917.0368
E-Mail: cap@reliefweb.int

Disclaimer

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.