WFP State of Palestine Country Brief, February 2018

Situation Report
Originally published



• When continuously provided, WFP’s food assistance is a fundamental safety net for the poorest whose coping mechanisms continue to deteriorate in the face of an acute humanitarian crisis in Gaza.

• WFP’s monitoring findings showed that the Food Consumption Scores (FCS) of 65,000 people receiving electronic vouchers greatly deteriorated when assistance was interrupted in January, and improved when it was re-instated in February. Communities assisted by WFP are reliant on external humanitarian assistance to make ends meet.

WFP Assistance

Under its State of Palestine Country Strategy Plan (2018-2022), WFP aims at providing food assistance through cash-based transfers (CBT), using an electronic food voucher (60 percent), and in-kind assistance (40 percent) to up to 314,000 people most affected by food insecurity in Palestine, primarily in Gaza and Area C in the West Bank where the prevalence of food insecurity is the highest.

WFP seeks to assist 220,000 poor severely food-insecure people as identified in the National Socio-Economic and Food Security Survey (2016/17): 140,000 in Gaza and 80,000 in the West Bank, as well as 35,000 seminomadic Bedouins in Area C of the West Bank. Funding permitting, WFP will also reach 59,000 of the most vulnerable moderately food- insecure households headed by women. All targeted populations live below the national deep poverty line on less than USD 3.2 a day.

The CSP also includes resilience-building activities. It focuses on supporting institutional capacity building and engaging in new partnerships with Government, United Nations and NGO partners around the provision and further development of WFP’s humanitarian/ development assistance platform that transfers assistance through WFP’s electronic card.

The Palestinian Authority is a core WFP partner in Palestine. WFP supports the Ministry of Social Development in the development and delivery of an integrated and needs-based National Food Safety net, reaching poor and severely food insecure people with inkind and cash-based transfer food assistance. WFP also provides technical support towards programme design, beneficiary targeting, monitoring and evaluation to the Ministry.

By purchasing most of its food supplies from local suppliers and using retail shops as the conduit for the procurement and distribution of food assistance, WFP aims at strengthening the resilience of local food systems and stimulating the wider Palestinian economy. Since 2011, WFP has invested more than USD 263 million in the economy, including USD 170 million through CBT and 93 million through local purchases.

WFP food assistance has proved to be a fundamental safety net for the poorest whose socio-economic conditions continue to deteriorate in the wake of an acute humanitarian crisis in Gaza. Two reports published in July 2017 by the United Nations Country Team and United Nations Development Programme evidenced the deterioration of all socio-economic indicators. The reports highlighted that Gaza continued its trajectory of de-development WFP Palestine has been successfully mainstreaming gender equality principles across its activities to better empower women, and meet WFP global gender objectives. WFP supports the capacity of national institutions to ensure that vulnerable and marginalized groups have access to social transfers that are preventive, protective and transformative.

WFP implements two nutrition awareness programmes in Gaza and the West Bank, targeting up to 9,500 beneficiaries including: women (6,000), men (1,500) and children (2,000). The participants attend sessions over a period of six months, which feature interactive discussions and presentations on diet, hygiene, cooking and purchasing healthy food on a budget.