oPt + 1 more

Weekly report on Israeli human rights violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territories 27 Oct - 9 Nov 2005


Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) Launch More Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT)

  • 18 Palestinians, including 5 children, were killed by IOF.

  • 9 of the victims were extra-judicially executed by IOF in the northern Gaza Strip.

  • 58 Palestinian civilians, including 5 children, were wounded by IOF.

  • IOF launched 21 aerial attacks on civilian targets in the Gaza Strip.

  • IOF conducted 63 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank.

  • Houses were raided and 108 Palestinian civilians, including 10 children, were arrested by IOF.

  • 17 houses were transformed by IOF into military sites.

  • IOF have continued to impose a total siege on the OPT; they have closed all border crossings of the Gaza Strip; they expanded Za'tara checkpoint to separate the north of the West Bank from other areas; and they arrested 16 Palestinian civilians, including two children, at various checkpoints in the West Bank.

  • IOF have continued to construct the Annexation Wall in the West Bank.

  • Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property in the OPT; 5 Palestinian civilians, including 3 children, were injured; and 8 houses were damaged.

Summary

Israeli violations of international law continued in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT) during the reporting period (27 October -- 9 November 2005):(1)

Killings: During the reported period, IOF killed 17 Palestinians, including 5 children, in the West Bank. An 18th Palestinian died from a wound he sustained last September. In addition, 58 Palestinian civilians, including 21 children, were wounded by the Israeli gunfire.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF killed 11 Palestinians. Nine of the victims, including 5 civilian bystanders, 3 of whom were children, were extra-judicially executed by IOF. A Palestinian gunman was killed in the northern Gaza Strip when IOF fired an artillery shell at him. A Palestinian civilian died from a wound he sustained by IOF last September. These extra-judicial executions followed a statement by the Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon that he gave the Israeli military a green light to launch a wide scale operation against what he called "Palestinian Terrorism," and a focused offensive, including extra-judicial executions, against the Islamic Jihad. The Israeli military Chief of Staff Dan Halutz admitted committing extra-judicial executions against Palestinian in the context of a policy rather than as a response to bombings carried out by Palestinians. Halutz stated at a meeting of the Committee of Foreign and Defence Affairs at the Israeli Knesset on Tuesday, 8 November 2005, that executing activists of Islamic Jihad "would continue as a policy adopted by the army rather than in response to attacks only." Extra-judicial executions involve executing a person without trial and without allowing him/her to defend him/herself and as such constitute a war crime under the Fourth Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War of 1949. This policy also violates international human rights law, including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966.

In the West Bank, IOF killed 7 Palestinians, including 2 children, in 5 separate attacks in Qabatya village near Jenin; Jenin refugee camp; Nablus; and al-'Eisawiya village near occupied East Jerusalem.

Shelling: During the reported period, IOF carried out 21 aerial attacks on Palestinian civilian targets in the Gaza Strip. They also carried out a series of mock air raids throughout the Gaza Strip, which terrified Palestinian civilians and damaged property. IOF positioned at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel fired artillery shells at Palestinian areas twice.

Incursions: IOF conducted 63 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank. During these incursions, IOF raided houses and arrested 108 Palestinian civilians, including 10 children. IOF employed undercover units and trained dogs in these incursions. IOF also transformed 17 houses into military sites.

Restrictions on Movement: IOF have continued to impose a comprehensive siege on the OPT, in violation of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of Palestinian civilians.

IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on the Gaza Strip, transforming it into a large prison. Rafah International Crossing Point on the Egyptian border, the sole outlet for the Gaza Strip to the outside world, has remained closed for nearly two months. During the reported period, there were reports concerning a deal to be reached shortly regarding the operation of the crossing point. According to media reports, the crossing point will be operated by the Egyptians and Palestinians with the presence of a European force as a third party, whose responsibilities have not been determined. Goods and foreigners will not pass through the crossing point, rather they will pass through Kerem Shalom crossing point to the southeast of Rafah. Israel insists on having some authority at Rafah International Crossing Point, including fixing cameras to monitor the movement at the crossing point and handing lists of those who are banned from travelling due security claims to the Europeans to ensure their ban. In the past weeks, IOF allowed Palestinians to operate the crossing point for several hours to solve the problem of those who had been blocked on both sides of the crossing point. The continued closure of the crossing point has deprived hundreds of Palestinian civilians of their rights to education, health, work and social communication. In the meantime, IOF have continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for Palestinian workers and patients for several weeks. Only a few patients who suffer from serious diseases are allowed to travel to Israeli hospitals through the crossing. IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions at commercial border crossings and have also imposed severe restrictions on fishing in the Gaza Strip.

In the West Bank, IOF have imposed more restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. These restrictions have deprived Palestinian civilians of praying at the al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. In the context of restrictions on movement, IOF have started to establish a huge checkpoint near Za'tara crossroads, south of Nablus, to separate the north and middle of the West Bank. According to Israeli sources, the checkpoint will include 10 routes; 8 will lead to the south while the other two will go to the north. Two of the routes leading to the south will be designated for the movement of settlers and humanitarian agencies. Palestinian civilians will be banned from crossing the checkpoint on foot, including the prohibition of the movement of private cars on roads, and limiting transportation to taxis only. IOF have also erected dozens of military checkpoints on the main roads. IOF re-erected checkpoints that had previously been dismantled and installed dozens of new ones. In the last 10 days of Ramadan, IOF imposed severe restriction on the travel of Palestinian pilgrims to Saudi Arabia. During the reported period, IOF positioned at various checkpoints arrested 16 Palestinian civilians, including two children.

Annexation Wall: IOF have continued to construct the Annexation Wall inside the West Bank. During the reported period, IOF issued a military order seizing 292 dunums(2) of Palestinian land in the villages of Dura, al-Zahiriya and Arab al-Ramadin near Hebron for the purpose of the construction of a section of the Wall in the area. IOF also surveyed areas of Palestinian land in Kufor Thuluth village, southeast of Qalqilya, for the same purpose. In addition, they imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians on both sides of the Wall. They prevented Palestinian farmers from reaching their agricultural land.

Illegal Settler Activities: Israeli settlers in breach of international humanitarian law continue to reside in the OPT and have launched a series of attacks against Palestinian civilians and property. During the reported period, Israeli settlers launched 7 attacks against Palestinian civilians and property in Hebron and Nablus. Five Palestinian civilians, including 3 children and an old man, were injured. Israeli settlers also burnt an office of a lawyer, damaged 8 houses and uprooted 40 trees.

Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (27 October -- 9 November 2005)

1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property

Thursday, 27 October 2005

At approximately 00:15, IOF moved into Dura village, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to Fayez 'Aayed Abu Miqdem. They then transformed the house into a military site.

At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Qabatya village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to Ahmed Hassan Abu Zaid, 55, and arrested him. Abu Zaid is the father of Hassan Abu Zaid, 19, who carried out a bombing in the Israeli town of Hadeira. IOF also raided and searched a number of other houses in the village and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

1. Ma'ath 'Aamer Abu Zaid, 19;

2. 'Omar 'Emad Abu Zaid, 20; and

3. Ziad Mohammed Khuzailmiya, 18.

At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into al-Jada and 'Ein Sara areas in Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

1. Ameen Ghaleb al-Shwaiki, 31; and

2. Ya'qoub Yasser al-Qawasmi, 19.

At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into 'Anza village, southeast of Jenin. They surrounded a house belonging to Nafe' Kamel 'Ammour and ordered its residents through megaphones to get out. An Israeli intelligence officer interrogated the residents and arrested the owner's son, 25-year-old Mohammed.

Between 02:30 and 04:30, Israeli F-16 fighter jets launched missiles at uninhabited areas in the northern Gaza Strip town of Beit Hanoun. No casualties were reported. One of those missiles hit a bridge in the south of the town and damaged it. Palestinian civilians were terrified.

At approximately 22:00, an Israeli F-16 fighter jet launched a missile at sand dunes to the west of al-Amal neighborhood in Khan Yunis, 20 meters away from a place where members of Martyr Ahmed Abu al-Resh Brigades were positioned and nearly 200 meters away from a place where members of 'Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas were positioned. No casualties were reported but Israeli warplanes continued to carry out mock air raids throughout the Gaza Strip.

At approximately 14:45, IOF moved into Jenin town and refugee camp. They surrounded a house belonging to the family of 'Abdul Halim 'Izziddin, 40, the spokesman of Islamic Jihad in Jenin, in the al-Zahraa' area in the refugee camp. IOF ordered 'Izziddin through megaphones to surrender and he did together with 3 other Palestinians who were identified as:

1. Mahmoud 'Izziddin, 22, (Izziddin's brother);

2. 'Aassem Marafqa, 25; and

3. 'Emad Abu Tabeekh, 24.

Friday, 28 October 2005

At approximately 00:20, Israeli F-16 fighter jets launched a number of missiles at uninhabited areas in the northern Gaza Strip. No casualties were reported, but Palestinian civilians were terrified.

At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Dura village, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched 4 houses belonging to 'Abdul 'Aziz Mohammed al-Rajoub and his sons and neighboring gardens claiming that they were searching for "banned materials." A member of the family, 27-year-old Maher, has been detained by IOF for more than 4 months.

At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Kufor Ra'ei village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

1. Ja'far Mohammed Murshed, 36;and

2. Mohammed Mustafa Murshed, 26.

Also at approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Jenin town and refugee camp. They patrolled in the streets, but no arrests were reported.

At approximately 17:15, IOF positioned at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel northeast of Beit Hanoun fired two artillery shells at two Palestinian gunmen who were launching locally made rockets at the Israeli town of Sederot. One of the gunmen was killed. He was identified as Majed Ibrahim Nattat, 30, a member of the al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade (the military wing of the Fatah movement), from Beit Lahia. He was hit by shrapnel in the lower part of the body. His body was found nearly 800 meters away from the border. The other gunman was seriously wounded. At the same time, an Israeli helicopter gunship launched a missile at the car that transported the two gunmen. The car was totally destroyed.

At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Nanqar neighborhood in Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Amjad Mohammed Abu Khalaf, 26, and arrested him.

Saturday, 29 October 2005

At approximately 00:00, Israeli F-16 fighter jets started to launch missiles at uninhabited areas in the northern Gaza Strip. They launched at least 12 missiles in a few hours. No casualties were reported, but Palestinian civilians were terrified.

At approximately 01:45, IOF moved into Nablus. They opened fire at street-lights. They withdrew from the city at approximately 04:00 and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Rashaida village, southeast of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and tents and arrested 3 brothers:

1. Daifallah Khalil Rashaida, 42;

2. Daoud Khalil Rashaida, 33; and

3. Musallam Khalil Rashaida, 30.

Sunday, 30 October 2005

At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Dura village, southwest of Hebron. They took position on the main road in the village and near a mosque in the center of the village, where hundreds of Palestinian civilians were praying on the occasion of the al-Qader Night (the delivery of the Holy Qura'an to Prophet Mohammed). They closed roads and surrounded the mosque. They stopped and checked Palestinian civilians. At approximately 01:40, a number of Israeli soldiers beat a Palestinian civilian, and detonated sound bombs near Palestinian civilians at the entrance of the mosque. Palestinian civilians were provoked and clashed with IOF, which fired live and rubber-coated metal bullets at these civilians. Eight civilians were wounded:

1. Mohammed Khalil al-'Awawda, 24, seriously wounded by a live bullet to the head;

2. S'oud 'Eissa al-Masalma, 19, wounded by a live bullet to the back;

3. Fadi Mohammed 'Amru, 18, wounded by a live bullet to the back;

4. Shadi Salama al-Tawil, 19, wounded by a live bullet to the right foot;

5. Taha Rezeq Hijja, 14, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullets to the neck;

6. Diaa' Kamel Sharouf, 15, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the forehead;

7. Suhaib Ahmed Masalma, 16, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the head; and

8. Mohammed Ahmed al-Swaiti, 13, suffered from tear gas inhalation.

At approximately 16:45, an undercover unit of IOF moved into Qabatya village, southeast of Jenin, traveling in two civilian cars that had Palestinian registration plates. Israeli soldiers surrounded a house belonging to Mohammed Mahmoud Nazzal. Soon, 25 Israeli military vehicles, accompanied by a bulldozer and reinforced by two helicopters, moved into the village. They imposed a curfew and erected a number of checkpoints at the entrances of the village. A number of Israeli soldiers also took position on top of a number of houses adjacent to the besieged house. Then, IOF ordered through megaphones all of those who were inside the house to get out in 5 minutes and opened fire at the house. Residents of the house got out, but one of them was wounded by the Israeli gunfire. Two Palestinian gunmen who were inside the house exchanged fire with IOF. Immediately, Israeli helicopter gunships opened fire at the house and killed the two gunmen, who were identified as:

1. Arshad Ahmed Abu Zaid, 22;

2. Jihad Mohammed Zakarna, 20.

In addition, 7 Palestinian civilians, including two children, were wounded by the Israeli gunfire:

1. Mohammed Hisham Mahmoud 'Assaf, 21, seriously wounded by a live bullet to the head, and he was pronounced dead on Friday morning, 4 November 2005;

2. Rabee' Mohammed Mahmoud Zakarna, 17, seriously wounded by shrapnel to the chest;

3. Mahmoud Yousef Abu 'Aabed, 55, wounded by a live bullet to the right knee;

4. Mohammed Mustafa Abu al-Rub, 20, wounded by shrapnel to the head;

5. 'Alaa' Suleiman Qaramish, 21, wounded by a live bullet to the left ankle;

6. Mohammed Ahmed Abu Zaid, 16, wounded by shrapnel to the left foot; and

7. Yasser 'Arafat Zakarna, 22, wounded by shrapnel to the head.

Monday, 31 October 2005

At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Beit 'Awa village, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Hani Mahmoud Abu al-Ghalassi, 25, and arrested him.

At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into 'Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Ma'moun 'Omar Qatesh, 29, and arrested him.

Also at approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jayous village, northeast of Qalqilya. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Mahmoud 'Abdul Rahman Khaled, 18.

At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Jenin town and refugee camp. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 6 Palestinian civilians:

1. Joma'a Mohammed al-Masri, 46;

2. Asyad Joma'a al-Masri, 18;

3. Ashraf Ahmed Jaradat, 25;

4. Muhannad Mustafa al-Sa'di, 20;

5. Bahaa' Mustafa Abu 'Aziz, 18; and

6. Hamada Jihad al-'Azab, 22.

At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Tammoun village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to Mustafa Ahmed Bani 'Ouda and transformed it into a military site.

At approximately 03:15, IOF moved into Yatta village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched two houses belonging to Mohammed Isma'il 'Awad and Mohammed Mousa Abu 'Arram. They then transformed the two houses into military sites.

At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Wadi al-Hariya neighborhood in the southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a factory of plastics. They checked the workers and arrested Ahmed Khader 'Aabdin, 26.

At approximately 12:00, an undercover unit of IOF moved into Tulkarm traveling in a civilian car that had a Palestinian registration plate. Israeli soldiers raided carpentry shop in the southeast of the town and arrested Muneer Mohammed Abu al-Hala, 32. At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into 'Allar village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Shadi Mohammed Qashwa', 30, and arrested him. At the same time, IOF raided a house belonging to the family of Mo'tassem Mohammed Ja'ar, 28, to arrest him, but he was not there.

At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into 'Allar village, north of Tulkarm. They raided a house belonging to the family of Shadi Mohammed Qashwa', 30, and arrested him. They also raided a house belonging to the family of Mo'tassem Mohammed Ja'ar, 28, to arrest him, but he was not there.

At approximately 17:10, IOF moved into Saida village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Ahmed Mohammed Raddad, 25, to arrest him, but he was not there.

Also at approximately 17:10, IOF moved into 'Attil village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were reported.

At approximately 22:15, IOF positioned at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east of Khuza'a village, east of Khan Yunis, fired 6 artillery shells at Palestinian agricultural areas. No casualties were reported.

Tuesday, 1 November 2005

At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Sourif village, northwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 8 Palestinian civilians:

1. Ahmed Mahmoud al-Qadi, 26;

2. Fadi Mousa Ghunaimat, 22;

3. Mohammed Ibrahim Abu Saleh, 22;

4. Khader Ahmed Ghunaimat, 40;

5. Mahmoud 'Abdul Hadi Jabour, 46;

6. Muneer Mohammed Abu Fara, 30;

7. Mousa Mohammed Ghunaimat, 28; and

8. Ayman Mohammed al-Hour, 27.

Also at approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Zawia village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

1. Jameel Wajeeh Abu al-Wafa, 18; and

2. Shaher Jawdat Abu al-Wafa, 23.

At approximately 01:30, IOF, reinforced by two helicopters, moved into Qabatya village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 7 Palestinian civilians:

1. Fadi Waleed Abu al-Rub, 17;

2. Khaled Jamal Abu al-Rub, 17;

3. 'Oqba Mefleh Abu Zaid, 22;

4. Nejem Sameer Nazzal, 23;

5. Ghassan Nejem Nazzal, 26;

6. Anas Khaled Abu Zaid, 24; and

7. Shareef Mohammed al-Sahu, 25.

At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jenin town and refugee camp. They patrolled in the streets. They withdrew a few hours later and no arrests were reported.

Also at approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Tubas village, southeast of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets. No arrests were reported. Two hours later, IOF moved to the neighboring Tammoun village. They patrolled in the streets, but no arrests were reported.

At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Yatta village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Ashraf 'Ezzat Jabour, 22, and arrested him.

At approximately 07:30, IOF moved into Bal'ein village, west of Ramallah. Dozens of Palestinian school boys gathered and threw stones at IOF. Immediately, IOF chased the boys and arrested 3 of them:

1. 'Abdullah Ahmed Yassin, 14;

2. Nour Mahmoud Yassin, 18; and

3. Nayef Ghazi al-Khatib, 16.

At approximately 17:30, IOF, reinforced by two helicopters, moved into Jenin town and refugee camp. They surrounded a house belonging to Salah Mutlaq al-Sa'di in the east of the town and opened fire at it for 3 hours. As a result, 3 Palestinian civilians were injured:

1. Shadi al-Derbi, 25, injured by shrapnel to the hand and the face;

2. Mahmoud al-Khatib, 16, injured by shrapnel to the abdomen; and

3. Ahmed Mohammed Saba'na, 18, injured by shrapnel to the head.

In addition, IOF arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

1. Adeeb Jamal al-Qet, 24;

2. Jamal 'Awad al-Qet, 55; and

3. Majed Refa'at Sulait, 35.

Wednesday, 2 November 2005

At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Housan village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 10 children aged 16-17:

1. Sayed 'Abed Hamamra;

2. Mohammed Yasser Za'oul;

3. Mohammed 'Ata Za'oul;

4. Ahmed 'Ata Za'oul;

5. Mujahed 'Emad Lulia;

6. Eyad Isma'il Za'oul;

7. Mo'taz Tariq Sabateen;

8. Mahmoud 'Eissa Sabateen;

9. Mohammed Nasser Sabateen; and

10. Mo'taz 'Aamer Sabateen.

At approximately 09:30, IOF moved into Marka village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

1. Zakaria Mohammed Abu Jalboush, 26; and

2. Diaa' Hamad Abu Jalboush, 28.

At approximately 17:20, IOF, reinforced by two helicopters, moved into Qabatya village, southeast of Jenin. A number of Palestinian gunmen exchanged fire with IOF. One of the gunmen, 21-year-old Ra'fat Mousa Khader Turkman, was seriously wounded by a live bullet to the right side. He was evacuated to a hospital in Jenin, but medical efforts to save his life failed.

Thursday, 3 November 2005

At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-'Asakra village, east of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 4 Palestinian civilians:

1. Kamal Mohammed 'Asakra, 22;

2. Ra'fat Khaled 'Asakra, 18;

3. Mohammed Yousef 'Asakra, 19; and

4. Yousef Khaled 'Asakra, 20.

At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Bourqin village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Rami Mohammed Ghanem, 15, and arrested him.

Also at approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-'Azza refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

1. Suleiman 'Awni Baraq'a, 18; and

2. Yassin Abu Sha'ira, 20.

At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into al-Fara'a refugee camp, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched a houses belonging to the family of Mohammed Hassan Mardawi, 28, and arrested him.

At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Qabatya village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 4 Palestinian civilians:

1. 'Emad 'Ezzat Abu Zaid, 25;

2. Bilal 'Aaref Zakarna, 32;

3. Ahmed 'Aaref Zakarna, 30; and

4. Kamal 'Aaref Zakarna, 28.

In the afternoon, IOF shot dead a Palestinian child in Jenin refugee camp. They first claimed that they shot dead an armed member of the Islamic Jihad, but an Israeli military spokesman stated later that IOF "fired at a suspicious Palestinian as he was carrying a gun, which was in fact a toy, and thus, he was killed because of a mistake."

According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately 15:25 on the first day of the Eid, IOF moved into Jenin town and refugee camp. They opened fire indiscriminately. A number of Palestinian children gathered and threw stones at IOF. Immediately, IOF fired at the children. One of the children, 11-year-old Ahmed Isma'il al-Khatib, was wounded by a live bullet to the head. Israeli soldiers moved towards the child and moved him to an Israeli ambulance that evacuated him to an Israeli hospital. On the following day evening, the child was pronounced dead. According to eyewitnesses, the child was walking with his father carrying a toy gun when he was shot.

Israeli soldiers who were patrolling in Jenin attacked Mustafa Mohammed Khubaisa, 24, from Beeta village near Nablus, a cameraman of the Palestinian Ramatan news agency. In his testimony to PCHR, Khubaisa said:

"At approximately 15:30 on Thursday, 3 November 2005, I was filming the incidents in Jenin. I was in the Hospitals Street filming a number of Israeli military jeeps coming to the street. I heard someone calling me. I looked back and I saw 4 masked persons in civilian clothes only 3 meters away from me. When they talked to me, I realized that they were members of an Israeli undercover unit. One of them hit me on my left hand and took my camera. Then, they all beat me and ordered me to leave the area."

Friday, 4 November 2005

At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Jenin town and refugee camp. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 'Alaa' Ershayed, 17.

At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Kufor Qallil village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

1. 'Ali Wasfi Mansour, 25; and

2. Saddam Mar'ei Qanni, 20.

At approximately 02:40, IOF moved into Marka village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

1. 'Abdullah 'Aaref Jalboush, 24;

2. Nasser 'Aaref Jalboush, 20; and

3. Mustafa Hashem Shayeb, 19.

At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Bourqin village, west of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian children:

1. Rami Mohammed Ghanem, 15; and

2. Majdi Mohammed 'Ali, 14.

At approximately 04:30, IOF moved into al-Judaida village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of 'Emad Hamdan Qalalwa, 44, and arrested him.

Saturday, 5 November 2005

At approximately 18:40, IOF moved into Qabatya village, southeast of Jenin. A number of Palestinian children and young men gathered and threw stones at IOF. Immediately, IOF fired at the stone throwers wounding 6:

1. Jihad Ahmed Kumayel, 18, wounded by shrapnel throughout the body;

2. Majdi Mohammed Kumayel, 19, wounded by shrapnel to the hand, the leg and the head;

3. Mohammed Asa'ad Abu al-Rub, 14, wounded by shrapnel to the right hand;

4. 'Ali Younis Kumayel, 18, wounded by shrapnel to the right leg;

5. Sa'id Mohammed Abu al-Rub, 15, wounded by shrapnel to the buttocks;

6. Mohammed Mahmoud Kumayel, 18, wounded by a live bullet to the left leg.

Sunday, 6 November 2005

At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into al-Duhaisha refugee camp, south of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

1. Ja'far 'Aziz 'Ouda, 25; and

2. 'Alaa' Mohammed Daraghma, 21.

At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Sourif village, northwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

1. Salama Mohammed Ghunaimat, 38; and

2. Muhannad Mohammed al-Hour, 24.

Monday, 7 November 2005

At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Kharsa village, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Ussama Mahmoud Tubaish, 27, and arrested him.

At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into 'Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

1. Isma'il Mufeed Radwan, 18; and

2. Salah Bassim Shubaita, 19.

Also at approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Tubas village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Firas Sawafta, 28, and arrested him.

Also at approximately 02:00, IOF moved into 'Attil village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Shukri Ghassan Shukri, 21, and arrested him.

At approximately 10:00, medical sources at Nasser Hospital in Khan Yunis declared that Hani 'Ouda Abu Sawawin, 30, from Khan Yunis, died from a wound he had sustained by IOF on 9 September 2005.

According to PCHR's documentation, at approximately 20:55 on Friday, 9 September 2005, IOF positioned on a tank near al-Matahen checkpoint, north of Khan Yunis, opened fire at Hani 'Ouda Abu Sawawin, 28, who suffers from a psychological disorder, when he got close to the checkpoint. He was wounded by 3 live bullets to the abdomen, the chest and the leg. A Palestinian ambulance arrived to offer him first aid after coordinating with IOF. When his wounds were discovered to be serious, another round of coordination was carried out and an IOF helicopter transported him to Soroka Hospital in Israel. He received medical care there and then was brought back to Gaza Strip, where he received medical care at Nasser Hospital until his death. The victim was known to have a psychological problem and to roam the streets.

Tuesday, 8 November 2005

At approximately 01:15, IOF moved into Qabatya village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses and transformed 13 of them into military sites. They also arrested 4 Palestinian civilians:

1. Yahia 'Abdul Rahman Abu Ma'lla, 22;

2. Mohammed Mahmoud Kumayel, 20;

3. 'Aaref 'Abdul Rahman Hanaisha, 25; and

4. Najeeb Nafe' Abu al-Rub, 24.

At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Bala'a village, east of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Mohammed Hassan Qassimiya, 18, and arrested him.

At approximately 01:45, IOF moved into Jenin town and refugee camp. They opened fire indiscriminately and patrolled in the streets. They withdrew a few hours later and no arrests were reported.

At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into 'Attil village, north of Tulkarm. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Shukri Ghassan Shukri, 21, and arrested him.

At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Dura village, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

1. Marwan Khalil al-Darawish, 25; and

2. Amjad Mohammed al-Qazzaz, 23.

At approximately 02:35, IOF moved into Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

1. Tariq Hisham al-Ghazali, 19; and

2. 'Alaa' 'Aadel Abu Hamdiya, 25.

At approximately 02:35, IOF moved into Marka village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Ahmed Suleiman Mousa, 22, and arrested him.

Also at approximately 02:35, IOF moved into Balata refugee camp. They raided and searched a number of houses. At approximately 03:15, they fired at 15-year-old Shihda 'Abdullah al-Shaf'ei, when he left his home to go to his work in a bakery in Nablus. He was seriously wounded by a live bullet to the chest. According to eyewitnesses, IOF fired at the child from a distance of 5 meters. IOF also arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

1. Bashar Khalil Abu Ziraa', 28;

2. Mahran Mohammed Abu 'Alafa, 22; and

3. Ahmed al-Asmar, 24.

At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into al-Zawia village, southeast of Jenin. They opened fire indiscriminately. They withdrew an hour later and no arrests casualties were reported.

At approximately 15:15, IOF moved into 'Aaroura village, north of Ramallah. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

1. Khaled Mahmoud Baker, 31;

2. Majdi Mohammed al-Jeda', 35; and

3. Kamal Suleiman Qandeel, 37.

At approximately 15:50, an Israeli military jeep moved into the Gardens area in the north of Nablus. Israeli soldiers in the jeeps and those positioned in a military post on the top of 'Eibal Mount opened fire at the area. Palestinian ambulances moved towards the area, but IOF denied them access. At approximately 17:00, a heavy explosion was heard in the area. Then, the Israeli military jeep left the area. Immediately, Palestinian medical crews started to search the area. They found the body of Mohammed Hamdi Salha, 15, who was hit by a live bullet to the head. In addition, 3 other children were wounded:

1. 'Alaa' al-Shashtari, 15, seriously wounded by a live bullet to the abdomen;

2. Mohammed Ghassan Thouqan, 15, wounded by shrapnel throughout the body; and

3. Ramzi 'Abdul Qader al-Saqqa, 17, wounded by shrapnel to the legs.

Wednesday, 9 November 2005

In the evening, IOF shot dead a Palestinian civilian in al-'Eisawiya village, east of occupied Jerusalem. They claimed that the victim had attempted to run down an Israeli soldier, but investigations conducted by PCHR refute this claim.

According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately 21:00, a unit of the Israeli police moved into al-'Eisawiya village, allegedly to search for a suspicious person who had attempted to steal an Israeli vehicle in the French Hill area, near the village. Dozens of Palestinian civilians gathered and threw stones at the police. Immediately, a unit of the so-called Israeli Border Guards was brought into the village. Israeli soldiers opened fire at Palestinian civilians, killing 32-year-old Sameer Rebhi Ahmed Dari with a live bullet to the head. According to eyewitnesses, the victim was driving his car in the area and he became apparently confused as he was under fire, so he lost control over the car which moved towards the police. Immediately, the Israeli police shot him dead. The victim was married and a father of 3 children. He used to a work as a driver for the Peres Centre for Peace.

2. Extra-Judicial Executions

During the reported period, IOF committed two extra-judicial executions in the northern Gaza Strip, which left dead 9 Palestinians, including 5 civilian bystanders. These attacks followed a statement by the Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon that he gave the Israeli military a green light to launch a wide scale operation, which would be unlimited in time, against what he called "Palestinian Terrorism," and a focused offensive, including extra-judicial executions, against Islamic Jihad, whose military wing claimed responsibility for the bombing in the Israeli town of Hadera on Wednesday, 26 October 2005, which left 5 Israelis dead and injured dozens of others.

According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately 19:50 on Thursday, 27 October 2005, an Israeli drone that was flying over the northern Gaza Strip launched a missile at a civilian car, a white Subaru, which was traveling on al-Turk road towards Jabalya refugee camp. Four Palestinians were traveling in the car. The missile hit the car directly and destroyed it. The four passengers were instantly killed. Three civilian bystanders, all of them children, were also killed. In addition, 19 civilian bystanders, including 7 children, were injured; the injuries of 3 of them were described by medical sources as serious. The passengers in the car were later identified as being two members of Islamic Jihad and two civilians who had gotten into the car a few minutes before the attack, as the driver had offered to transport them to Jablaya refugee camp, where all of the passengers lived.

The passengers were identified as:

1. Shadi Suhail Muhanna, 26, a member of the al-Quds Brigades, the military wing of the Islamic Jihad, who was the main target by this attack as IOF claimed;

2. Mohammed Ahmad Kandeel, 47, a member of the al-Quds Brigades;

3. Mohammed Rumaih al-Wehaidi, 55; and

4. Fayez Hassan Badran, 52.

The three children who were killed in the street were identified as:

1. Rami Riad 'Assaf, 17;

2. Karam Mohammed Abu Naji, 14; and

3. Saleh Saed Abu Naji, 15.

PCHR's investigations refute the IOF's claim that the high number of casualties is attributed to explosives that were being transported by the car, which caused several explosions as soon as the car was attacked. According to eyewitnesses, only one explosion was heard, which resulted from the missile launched by the Israeli drone. The missile hit the center of the car and shrapnel from it spread into the street which was crowded at the time. This attack further proves IOF's disregard for the lives of Palestinian civilians.

According to investigations conducted by PCHR regarding the other extra-judicial assassination, at approximately 16:00 on Tuesday, 1 November 2005, an Israeli military aircraft launched a missile at a civilian jeep, a grey Honda, which was traveling towards the north near Shadia Abu Ghazala Female Secondary School, in the west of the densely populated Jabalya refugee camp. Two persons were traveling in the car. The car was totally destroyed and the two passengers were killed. They were identified as:

1. Hassan 'Atiya Hassan al-Madhoun, 33, a member of the al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, the military wing of Fatah movement; and

2. Fawzi Mohammed Shehada Abu al-Qare', 37, a member of the 'Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas, both from Jabalya refugee camp.

In addition, 10 Palestinian civilian bystanders, including 4 children, were injured:

1. Mohammed Tayseer Abu al-Laban, injured by shrapnel to the back;

2. Eyad Ahmed Abu Shammala, 35, injured by shrapnel to the back;

3. Ramez Ziad al-Swaiti, 24, injured by shrapnel to the right thigh;

4. 'Omar Isma'il Wadi, 13, injured by shrapnel to the face;

5. Na'im Mustafa al-Banna, 40, injured by shrapnel to the left hand;

6. Yousef Ayman Abu al-Laban, 12, injured by shrapnel throughout the body;

7. Hassan 'Abdul Fattah Madi, 43, injured by shrapnel throughout the body;

8. Fawzi Nasser Zaid, 12, injured by shrapnel to the back;

9. 'Abdullah Ibrahim Madi, 31, injured by shrapnel throughout the body; and

10. 'Abdul Hamid Sa'id Abu al-Laban, 30, injured by shrapnel throughout the body.

3. Continued Siege on the OPT

IOF have continued to impose tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including Jerusalem.

Gaza Strip

Even though IOF were redeployed around the Gaza Strip, the Israeli government maintain the occupation of the Gaza Strip though controlling all outlets and crossings.

Rafah International Crossing Point: Rafah International Crossing Point on the Egyptian border, the sole outlet for the Gaza Strip to the outside world, has remained closed for nearly two months. During the reported period, there were reports regarding a deal to be reached shortly concerning the operation of the crossing point. According to media reports, the crossing point will be operated by the Egyptians and Palestinians with the presence of a European force as a third party, whose responsibilities have not been determined. Goods and foreigners will not permitted to pass through the crossing point, rather they will pass through Kerem Shalom crossing point to the southeast of Rafah. Israel insists on having some authority at Rafah International Crossing Points, including fixing cameras to monitor the movement at the crossing point and handing lists of those who are banned from travelling due to alleged security concerns to the Europeans to ensure their ban. In the past weeks, IOF allowed Palestinians to operate the crossing point for several hours to solve the problem of those who had been blocked on both sides of the crossing point. The continued closure of the crossing point has deprived hundreds of Palestinian civilians of their rights to education, health, work and social communication.

Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing: IOF have continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for nearly two months. They have only allowed officials of the Palestinian Authority, internationals and patients in need of urgent medical attention to travel through the crossing but only following prior coordination. According to sources of the Palestinian Ministry of Health, on Monday, 7 November 2005, IOF allowed 25 patients to travel to Israeli hospitals. However, at 11:00, IOF closed the crossing claiming that a suspicious object was found. As a result, at least 600 Palestinians living in Israel, who were allowed to enter the Gaza Strip during the Eid al-Futr, were blocked at the Palestinian side of the crossing. Due of the congestion at the crossing, the health condition of one of the children deteriorated and he was evacuated to a hospital in the Gaza Strip.

Al-Mentar (Karni) Commercial Crossing: Since the evacuation of Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip, IOF have repeatedly closed the crossing. According to field information, 40-50 trucks transport exported goods from the Gaza Strip and 250 trucks transport goods imported from Israel and the West Bank. The capacity of the crossing before the current Intifada was 800 trucks daily, including 150 transporting exported goods from the Gaza Strip. Since the beginning of the Intifada, IOF have repeatedly closed the crossing to pressure Palestinian civilians economically.

Sofa crossing: IOF also control Sofa crossing, northeast of Rafah, which is designated for the transportation of construction raw materials.

The closure of border crossings deprives the Palestinian civilian population in the Gaza Strip of their right to freedom of movement, education and health.

IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on fishing in the Gaza Strip. Approximately 35,000 people in and around Gaza's coastal communities rely on the fishing industry, including 2500 fishermen, 2500 support staff and their families. Over the past number of weeks the fishing industry has been paralysed by closures. Fishermen have also been subjected to intensive monitoring by the Israeli military. The military have used helicopter gunships, and gunboats to monitor the fishermen. On a number of occasions the Israeli military opened fire against the civilian fishermen in order to enforce the 9 nautical mile limit imposed on them. The Oslo Accords make provision for Gaza's sea to be fished to 20 nautical miles.

IOF have continued to establish military posts and observation towers along the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to maintain control over the Gaza Strip.

The West Bank

IOF have continued to impose a strict siege on Palestinian communities in the West Bank Territory. They have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians and imposed curfews on a number of Palestinian communities.

Jerusalem: On the eve of the last Friday in Ramadan, IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in Jerusalem. They imposed severe restrictions at various checkpoints at the entrances of the city. They did not allow even those with special permits to enter the city, as they declared the whole OPT a closed military zone. During the days of Eid al-Futr, IOF continued to impose restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. As a result, hundreds of West Bank residents were not able to visit their relatives during the Eid. On Tuesday morning, 8 November 2005, IOF imposed more restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians through various checkpoints around the city. According to eyewitnesses, IOF conducted prolonged checking of Palestinian civilians.

At approximately 10:00 on Tuesday, 1 November 2005, IOF in Jerusalem severely beat Hayel Ibrahim Shaheen, 24, from Artas village near Bethlehem. They stopped Hayel as he was on his way to work. Then, they violently beat him with their guns. As a result, he sustained bruises and cuts.

Hebron: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in Hebron. During the last week of Ramadan, these restrictions prevented thousands of Palestinian civilians from praying at the Ibrahimi Mosque and other mosques in the old town. In addition, employees, teachers and students were not able to reach their work places and schools in some areas in the town. PCHR's fieldworker in Hebron reported that IOF positioned at checkpoints in al-Shudada Street, al-Sahla Street and al-Karantina Street, and Eskafeya, Ibrahimeya, Qazzazin, Zahed, Shaloudi and Shaheen areas intentionally held thousands of Palestinians in long queues. These civilians were subjected to prolonged checking. Furthermore, thousands were checked inside electronic checking rooms. Hundreds of civilians suffered similar checks at the northern and western entrances of the town. It is worth noting that all entrances of the town are blocked with sand barriers, reinforced by IOF.

On Saturday, 29 October 2005, IOF positioned at the iron gates around the Ibrahimi Mosque arrested Heba Tawfiq Mohammad 'Eissa, 16, claiming that they found a knife on her.

On Tuesday afternoon, 1 November 2005, IOF positioned in the old town of Hebron arrested Salah Ibrahim al-Khatib, 26, a member of the Palestinian police.

On Saturday evening, 5 November 2005, an IOF patrol in the Bab al-Zawya area in the center of Hebron arrested Shadi Abu Hamed, 22.

On Sunday, 6 November 2005, IOF arrested Istiqlal Fares Mokhlis al-Qasouri, 16, claiming that she had attempted to stab an Israeli soldier. According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately 12:10, IOF positioned in the Ibrahimi Mosque Street stopped the child as she passed through the street. They checked her. They also forced her to take off some of her upper clothes and shoes. Then, they arrested her.

On Sunday evening, 6 November 2005, IOF positioned at the eastern entrance of Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, arrested Hassan Abu Mareya, 22.

Nablus: IOF imposed restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in Nablus on the eve of the Eid al-Futr and during the days of Eid. PCHR's fieldworker in Nablus reported that during the last week of Ramadan, IOF intentionally imposed restrictions on movement and erected a number of checkpoints, especially on the Bathan road, northeast of the city. IOF set up a daily checkpoint on the road in the afternoon and detained hundreds of vehicles. The commuters were allowed to move shortly before sunset. As a result, hundreds of civilians were prevented from being with their families at breakfast. Also during the days of Eid al-Futr, IOF erected checkpoints in various locations and intentionally hindered the movement of civilians from conducting family visits during Eid. At approximately 6:00 on Thursday morning, 27 October 2005, IOF closed the Beit Fourik checkpoint, east of Nablus. They prevented civilians from passing through the checkpoint. At approximately 9:00 on the same day, IOF set up a checkpoint on the Bathan road and prevented civilians from leaving or entering the city. At approximately 11:00 on the first day of Eid al-Futr, 2 November 2005, IOF erected a checkpoint on the Sabastia -- Beit Imrin crossroads. They prevented civilians from passing through for one hour and subjected them to prolonged and humiliating searches.

At approximately 11:30 in the morning of Saturday, 5 November 2005, IOF closed the Beit Eiba checkpoint and prevented Palestinian civilians from passing through. IOF positioned at the checkpoint detained three Palestinians and took them to an unknown destination. Later, it was learned that those detained were: Aysar Yazid Sa'id Abu 'Oun, 19, Mohammad Mahmoud Nayef Fakhouri, 18, and Mo'men Hosni Khalil Kumayel, 17, from Juba' village southeast of Jenin.

Jenin: On Friday morning, 28 October 2005, IOF erected a number of checkpoints around Jenin and isolated it from the surrounding villages. IOF prevented Palestinian civilians from entering or leaving the city. PCHR's fieldworker in Jenin reported that IOF erected a checkpoint on Bourqin road, west of Jenin, and prevented the residents of the villages located to the west of Jenin from entering the town. In addition, IOF erected a checkpoint on Nablus -- Jenin road at the entrance of 'Anza village, south of Jenin. IOF erected a third checkpoint at the 'Arraba village crossroads and prevented residents of the villages located to the south of Jenin from entering the town. IOF also erected a fourth checkpoint at the northern entrance of Qabatya village, and prevented residents of villages located to the southeast of Jenin from entering the town. On Friday morning, 29 October 2005, IOF positioned on al-Hamra and Tayaseer checkpoints in the Jordan Valley prevented trucks carrying food and agricultural supplies from entering the northern Jordan Valley area, east of Jenin. In the evening, IOF erected a checkpoint on the Jisr al-Malaqi crossroads, southeast of Tubas. As a result, IOF closed the crossroads linking Tubas village on the one hand with Nablus and villages in the Jordan Valley on the other.

On Tuesday evening, 8 November 2005, IOF positioned at a checkpoint near Maithaloun village, southeast of Jenin, fired at Samer Jameel al-Ghoul, 24, from al-Fara'a refugee camp. He was wounded by a live bullet to the back.

Tulkarm: On Thursday morning, 27 October 2005, IOF tightened the siege imposed on Tulkarm. They closed al-Kafriyat checkpoint, south of Tulkarm, and closed the tunnel road to the south of the town. As a result, hundreds of civilians were prevented from entering or leaving the town. In addition, the town was cut off from al-Kafriyat villages and other West Bank governorates. Furthermore, IOF closed all the main roads leading to Tulkarm. PCHR's fieldworker in Tulkarm reported that IOF erected checkpoints on the crossroads of Bala'a, east of the town; Far'oun, south of the town; and Shuwaika and 'Attil, north of the town. As a result, hundreds of civilians were not able to reach their work and businesses. Work was halted in a number of governmental institutions, NGO's, health clinics, educational institutions, courts and other establishments. On Friday morning, 28 October 2005, IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in Tulkarm. IOF closed the Bala'a -- Deir al-Ghosoun road with sand barriers. In addition, IOF erected a sand barrier on the Thinnaba -- Kufr al-Labad dirt road, and another sand barrier on the Qiffin crossroads, north of Tulkarm. At approximately 6:00 on Saturday, 29 October 2005, IOF closed the 'Anabta -- Bazaria road, east of Tulkarm. As a result, residents of Wadi al-Sha'er area were prevented from movement. In addition, IOF erected a sand barrier between the villages of Bala'a and Deir El-Ghosoun, and closed the tunnel road south of Tulkarm. At approximately 06:00 on Sunday, 30 October 2005, IOF erected a checkpoint on al-Ras village crossroads, south of Tulkarm. They prevented civilians from the southern villages of Tulkarm from reaching Qalqilya. In the north of Tulkarm, IOF erected a checkpoint between the villages there. In addition, IOF erected a checkpoint to the east of Nour Shams refugee camp, east of Tulkarm. Civilians were forced to cross the checkpoint on foot. On Monday, 31 October 2005, IOF continued to close all roads leading to Tulkarm. Civilians could not reach their work and study destinations due to the restriction of movement. At approximately 05:00 on Thursday, 3 November 2005, IOF closed al-Kafriyat checkpoint and prevented civilians from entering or leaving the city. The closure continued until 14:00 in the afternoon, when IOF allowed civilians to cross the checkpoint on foot. On the same day, IOF erected a checkpoint close to the tunnel near al-Kafriyat checkpoint; thus preventing civilians from moving to and from al-Kafriyat villages. Dozens of civilians were detained at the checkpoint and prevented from visiting their relatives during Eid al-Futr. At approximately 13:00 on Friday afternoon, 4 November 2005, IOF erected a sand barrier between Kufr al-Labad village and Thinnaba area, east of Tulkarm. Civilians were prevented from moving on the only road connecting the two areas. It is also worth noting that this road is used as an alternative to the Tulkarm -- Nablus road when it is closed. At approximately 18:00 on the same day, IOF closed the Tulkarm -- Nablus road with a sand barrier placed near the Bala'a crossroads. As a result, civilians were prevented from entering or leaving Tulkarm. Furthermore, IOF held dozens of vehicles and ordered the drivers not to return to the area threatening to confiscate their vehicles. On Sunday, 6 November 2005, IOF continued to impose a tightened siege on Tulkarm, and to reinforce sand barriers placed on the previous day. A number of employees could not reach their work outside the town. Others were delayed as they were forced to resort to dirt bypass trails. In addition, IOF erected checkpoints on the Tulkarm - Sha'rawiya road and the al-Ras -- Khirbat Jibara road.

On Thursday, 27 October 2005, IOF positioned Far'oun checkpoint arrested 'Ali Sameer 'Abdul Latif al-Labadi, 19, a member of the Palestinian General Intelligence Apparatus.

On Saturday, 29 October 2005, IOF positioned at al-Kafriyat checkpoint detained three Palestinians. These civilians arrived at the tunnel road in a taxi, owned by Bilal Baker 'Obaid, and were detained along with the driver for 4 hours. The driver was released, while the following were arrested: Shadi Na'im Hassan 'Oufa, 21; Nidal Mohammad Jawhar, 20, and 'Omar 'Abdul Latif Ahmed Eshtaiwi, 22. The three are from Tulkarm refugee camp.

On Sunday, 6 November 2005, IOF positioned near the tunnel, south of Tulkarm, arrested Kamel Mohammad 'Abdul Latif 'Atayani, 24, from Tulkarm. He was detained for 3 hours at a checkpoint before his arrest.

At approximately 11:00 on Wednesday, 9 November 2005, IOF positioned at the southern entrance of Deir al-Ghosoun village, north of Tulkarm, arrested 'Abdul Rahim Subhi Shinnara, 28; and Eyad Saleh Zaidan, 27.

Qalqilya: On Sunday morning, 30 October 2005, IOF closed the road linking Qalqilya with Nablus. IOF closed the road section from al-Fondoq village, east of Qalqilya, to Beit Eiba checkpoint, west of Nablus. It is worth noting that a number of Palestinian villages and "Qidoumim" lie on this section of the road.

On Tuesday morning, 8 November 2005, IOF positioned at a checkpoint to the north of Qalqilya fired at a mentally disabled Palestinian civilian, wounding him seriously. According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately 07:00, Hassan Daoud Hassan Budair, 26, left his family home. At approximately 10:00, his family was informed by the Palestinian liaison by phone that he was evacuated to the Emergency Hospital in Qalqilya. According to his brother, IOF informed the Palestinian liaison that a Palestinian civilian was near the checkpoint erected to the north of Qalqilya. Immediately, an ambulance of Palestine Red Crescent Society moved towards the area and evacuated him to the Emergency Hospital. As he was in a serious condition, he was transferred to Rafidya Hospital in Nablus. According to medical sources, he was wounded by two live bullets to the left hand and thigh. IOF apparently fired at him as he was not able to understand warnings by IOF.

Al-Karama International Crossing Point: At approximately 18:30 on Wednesday, 2 November 2005, IOF positioned at al-Karama International Crossing Point on the Jordanian border arrested Fadi Ahmed 'Abdul Qader Abu al-Rub, 28, from Qabatya village southeast of Jenin.

4. Construction of the Annexation Wall

IOF have continued to construct the Annexation Wall inside the West Bank territory.

Since Saturday, 29 October 2005, IOF have closed two iron gates established on the Wall opposite to Kherbat Jibara village, south of Tulkarm. They have prohibited the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from the village.

On Monday, 31 October 2005, IOF prevented dozens of Palestinian farmers from the villages of Masha, Bedia and al-Zawia, west of Salfit, from reaching their agricultural land, which is located behind the wall to cultivate olives. According to local sources, at least 135 Palestinian farmers were not able to obtain permits to reach their agricultural land, which is a precondition imposed by IOF to allow them access to their land.

On Saturday, 5 November 2005, IOF closed iron gates established on the Wall opposite to the villages of Qiffin and Baqa al-Sharqiya, north of Tulkarm, for no apparent reason. They prevented dozens of Palestinian farmers from reaching their agricultural land.

On Sunday, 6 November 2005, IOF issued a new military order seizing 292 dunums of Palestinian land in the villages of Dura, al-Zahiriya and Arab al-Ramadin, south and southwest of Hebron, until 31 December 2008. According to the local sources, the order was signed by the Israeli military commander in the West Bank and was issued for the purpose of the construction of a new section of the Wall.

Also on Sunday morning, 6 November 2005, IOF started to survey areas of land in Kufor Thuluth village, southeast of Qalqilya. According to eyewitnesses, a number of Israeli surveyors, accompanied by IOF, arrived in the village and started to survey the land, which is located in the east of village, as a prelude to seize it for the purpose of the construction of the Wall. The area of the affected land is estimated at 200 dunums and belongs to Yousef Muqbel and the heirs of Ahmed Mustafa Jaber.

During the reported period, IOF determined the route of the Wall in Arab al-Ramdin area, south of Hebron. According to local sources, two officers of the "Israeli Civil Administration", accompanied by IOF, placed signs that determine the route of the Wall to the northwest of Arab al-Ramadin village near "Ashkelot" settlement. The determined route of the Wall will isolate at least 1000 dunums of agricultural land planted with olives, 20 well, two houses and a historical site.

5. Settlement Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property

Israeli settlers (living in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law) have continued their attacks against Palestinian civilians and property:

On Friday morning, 28 October 2005, a number of Israeli settlers, escorted by IOF, attacked Faisal Ahmed Jaber, 45, and his son 'Alaa', 16, in Wadi al-Nasara neighborhood near "Kiryat Arba" settlement, southeast of Hebron. Jaber was injured in the face and his son sustained bruises throughout the body. According to eyewitnesses, the man and his son were on their way to the Ibrahimi Mosque.

Also on Friday morning, a number of Israeli settlers from "Kiryat Arba" settlement attacked a number of neighboring Palestinian houses with stones and empty bottles. A number of houses were damaged.

On Friday evening, 3 Israeli settlers from "Ramat Yishai" settlement in the center of Hebron, violently beat 'Emad Mohammed Tayseer Abu 'Eisha, 14, and Israa' Mohammed Mazen al-Sa'id, 17. The boy and the girl sustained bruises throughout the body. Two minutes later, IOF intervened and arrested the girl claiming that she had attempted to stab an Israeli soldier.

At approximately 15:00 on Sunday, 30 October 2005, a number of Israeli settlers from "Allon Moreh" settlement, east of Nablus, attacked 'Aziz 'Abdul Karim Hanani, 73, from Beit Dajan village east of Nablus, when he was walking in the east of the village. They violently beat him. A Palestinian civilian who lives in the area evacuated the old man to a hospital in Nablus.

At approximately 23:40 on Sunday, 6 November 2005, at least 10 armed Israeli settlers living in settlements in the center of Hebron stormed an office belonging to lawyer Musbah 'Abdul Salam Nasser al-Din. They searched the office and set fire to its contents. The office was severely damaged.

On Monday evening, 7 November 2005, Israeli settlers from "Kharsina" settlement, east of Hebron, uprooted 40 olive and grape trees belonging to Zuhdi Wahbi Sultan.

At approximately 07:30 on Wednesday, 9 November 2005, 'Emad Lutfi Sawan, 42, was injured in the head. He told PCHR that he was traveling in a taxi towards Qalqilya. When the taxi arrived at the road opposite to "Yakir" settlement, east of the town, two Israeli settlers threw stones at it. Sawan was hit by a stone to the head.

Recommendations to the International Community

1. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure Israel's respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. PCHR believes the conspiracy of silence practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human rights and humanitarian law.

2. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel's respect of the Convention in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.

3. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with its legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.

4. PCHR recommends international civil society organizations, including human rights organizations, bar associations and NGOs to participate in the process of searching for Israeli those accused of grave breaches of international law and to urge their governments to bring these people to justice.

5. PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel. PCHR further calls upon the EU states to prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.

6. PCHR calls upon the member States of the EU, and all other states, to adopt a voting pattern at the UN bodies, particularly the General Assembly, Security Council and Commission on Human Rights which is keeping with international law.

7. PCHR demands that the International Court of Justice Advisory Opinion be immediately implemented by the international community.

8. PCHR calls on the international community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan for what it is - not an end to occupation but a compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip.

9. In recognition of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including facilitation of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.

10. PCHR appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel's respect for human rights in the OPT and to end its attacks on Palestinian civilians.

11. In light of the severe restrictions imposed by the Israeli government and its occupying forces on access for international organizations to the OPT, PCHR calls upon European countries to deal with Israeli citizens in a similar manner.

12. PCHR reiterates that any political settlement not based on international human rights law and humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful and just solution of the Palestinian question. Rather, such an arrangement can only lead to further suffering and instability in the region. Any peace agreement or process must be based on respect for international law, including international human rights and humanitarian law.

Note:

(1) The Weekly Report was not published last week due to the holiday of the Eid al-Futr. This report covers a two-week period.

(2) 1 dunum is equal to 1000 square meters.

Public Document

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