2012 – Overview
In 2012, 39 children were killed by Israeli air strikes on Gaza, 33 of which occurred during the Israeli offensive Operation Pillar of Defence, which started on 14 November 2012. During this offensive more than 400 children were injured, two were killed by Palestinian rockets falling short of their intended targets, and one child was killed whilst participating in hostilities.
During 2012, DCI documented 42 cases of settler violence against children in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. Israeli authorities have consistently failed to prevent settler attacks against Palestinians or to take adequate enforcement measures against settlers for their actions.
In 2012, a total of nine children were detained whilst fishing in the new fishing limit set by Israeli authorities, two of which (14 and 17) occurred in December.
In December 2012, following the recognition of Palestine as a UN non-member state, Israel announced the planned expansion of settlements in a contentious area of East Jerusalem and an additional 5,500 new housing units in Bethlehem.
In February, two boys from Beit Ummar were used as human shields and injured whilst being arrested by Israeli soldiers. The soldiers used the boys to shield themselves from villagers that were throwing stones.
On 16 August 2012, two incidents resulted in Israeli youths injuring Palestinian children: an attempted lynching occurred in West Jerusalem, and a Molotov cocktail was thrown at a car in the West Bank. The children who threw the Molotov cocktail have since been released. These cases highlight how Israeli authorities apply different legal systems based on race or nationality.