Occupied Palestinian Territory (oPt): Response to the escalation in the oPt - Situation Report No. 2: 28 May - 3 June 2021

Situation Report
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 In Gaza, the ceasefire is holding: 8,500 internally displaced people remain with host families and in two UNRWA schools.

 Repairs are ongoing, but damage to basic infrastructure and utilities is limiting the provision of electricity and piped water.

 Clashes between Palestinians and Israeli forces have continued across the West Bank, including in East Jerusalem, resulting in two Palestinian fatalities.

 The emergency response plan requires US$95 million to address the needs of 1.1 million Palestinians for a three-month period.


Gaza Strip

No serious incidents have been reported since the ceasefire entered into effect on 21 May. According to theOffice of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), during the escalation, 256 Palestinians, including 66 children and 40 women were killed in Gaza, of whom 128 are believed to be civilians, 62 members of armed groups, and 66 are undetermined. About 245 of them, including 63 children and 40 women, were seemingly killed by Israeli Forces.

Almost 2,000 Palestinians were injured during the hostilitiesin Gaza, including over 600 children and 400 women, some of whom may suffer from a long-term disability requiring rehabilitation. Gaza’s health system, already overwhelmed by chronic drug shortages, inadequate equipment and the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, is now struggling to meet the needs of those injured during the hostilities.

At the height of the escalation, 113,000 internally displaced people sought shelter and protection at UNRWA schools or with hosting communities. There are still about 8,500 IDPs, including 235 in two UNRWA schools, primarily those whose houses were destroyed or so damaged as to be uninhabitable. According to local authorities, over 2,300 housing units were destroyed or severely damaged.

An estimated 16,250 housing units sustained some degree of damage, as did multiple water and sanitation facilities and infrastructure, 58 education facilities, nine hospitals and 19 primary healthcare centres. Of particular concern are the nearly 600,000 school-age children whose education was suspended during the hostilities, having already been repeatedly interrupted due to COVID-19 public safety restrictions.

The damage to infrastructure has exacerbated Gaza’s chronic infrastructure and power deficits, resulting in a decrease of clean water and sewage treatment, with an estimated 400,000 people still having irregular access to piped water. Damaged electricity feeder lines have been repaired, but rolling daily power cuts of 9-10 hours per day continue across Gaza. The Ministry of Public Works and Housing estimates that up to 300,000 tons of rubble have been generated as a result of the escalation: some 35 specialized vehicles were scheduled to enter Gaza from Egypt on 4 June to assist in rubble removal.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.