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Movement in and out of Gaza: update covering May 2022

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Highlights

  • In May 2022, the movement of people from Gaza to the West Bank and Israel decreased compared with April.

  • The movement of people from Gaza to Egypt increased compared with April.

  • Fewer goods entered Gaza compared with previous months, but more goods exited.

Movement of people to Israel and the West Bank

In May, the Israeli authorities allowed nearly 24,880 exits from Gaza (in most cases, travellers exited multiple times). This was 13 per cent below the level of exits in April, mainly due an exit ban imposed by the Israeli authorities from 4 to 14 May; it was initially imposed for two days, around Israel’s Memorial and Independence Days, and was expanded following the killing of three Israelis by Palestinians from the West Bank. The May figures were still almost three times higher than the monthly average in 2021, when COVID-19 restrictions largely applied, but only about 5 per cent of the volume of exits in the first half of 2000, before the imposition of the category-based restrictions.

About 83 per cent of the exits were by Palestinians allowed out under the ‘traders’ or ‘economic needs’ permit category, most of whom are employed as day labourers in Israel. The crossing of traders into Israel was halted by the Israeli authorities in March 2020, in the context of COVID-19, and gradually resumed in the last quarter of 2021. Some 8 per cent of the exits were by patients referred for medical treatment in the West Bank or Israel, and their companions. A total of 1,684 exit-permit applications were submitted for medical appointments scheduled for May, of which 51 per cent were not approved on time.

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UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.