Mapping of Humanitarian Services at Community Level in the Gaza Strip- Final Report (April 2019)
1 Executive Summary
The mapping of humanitarian services at community level in the Gaza Strip was conducted between April 2018 and March 2019. NRC teams conducted 1085 semi-structured interviews with service providers and stakeholders to collect data at community level. The information presented here is extracted through analysis of data and triangulation with findings from other sources and studies published by other humanitarian actors. The findings highlight sectoral capacities and opportunities available for humanitarian emergency services provided at community level alongside with the main gaps and vulnerabilities.
The mapping exercise identified locations and details of spontaneous displacement sites which were used by IDPs as temporary or emergency shelters during previous big conflicts. In addition, the extracted information asserts that displacement in the Gaza Strip would potentially occur from east to west where DESs and the larger numbers of residential housing units are located. The findings also reveal a big gap in NFI service provision, as only few local actors mentioned that they have the capacity or intention to distribute NFIs during any upcoming emergencies. Furthermore, the information reveals that there is lack of information regarding the shelter sector as mentioned by 78% of the interviewed informants.
For water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) the findings show that only a small number (26 out of 118) of interviewed desalination plant owners mentioned that they have an agreement to work in emergencies. The study found that displacement-receiving cities have adequate sewer networks where most of the residential housing units are connected, except for Khan Younis and Rafah that have lower percentages of housing units connected to sewer networks.
Regarding food security, the findings highlight a clear gap in food provision as all interviewed CBOs highlighted that they do not have food stock and will depend on big actors and donors to provide food during emergencies. Nonetheless, the exercise identifies a plethora of warehouses at local community level that can be used for food and NFI distribution.
From another perspective, the findings also shed the light on methods of communication used by communities during emergencies. The findings affirm that radio is the most preferred channel followed by internet and then phone calls/SMS.
Key recommendations include, (1) shelter actors should prioritize stockpiling activities to leverage preparedness and capacities to respond; (2) all humanitarian actors are advised to utilize communities’ capacities in emergency preparedness and response and build on them; and (3) conducting informed programming for emergency preparedness by addressing the highlighted gaps and targeting localities with more vulnerabilities and higher exposure to hazards.