Human Rights Council
24 February–20 March 2020
Agenda items 2 and 7
Annual report of the United Nations High Commissioner
for Human Rights and reports of the Office of the
High Commissioner and the Secretary-General
Human rights situation in Palestine and
other occupied Arab territories
In the present report, submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 40/24, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights provides an update on the implementation of resolution 40/24 from 1 November 2018 to 31 October 2019. She describes the expansion of the settlement activities of Israel and its negative impact on the human rights of Palestinians. The report focuses on the developments that have exacerbated the prevailing coercive environment in parts of the Occupied Palestinian Territory to the extent that it may have led to forcible transfer. The High Commissioner also addresses issues relating to Israeli settlements in the occupied Syrian Golan.
In its resolution 40/24, the Human Rights Council requested the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to report on the implementation of resolution 40/24 at its forty-third session, with particular emphasis on the policies and practices linked to the settlement enterprise that discriminate against the Palestinian population in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem. The report, which covers the period from 1 November 2018 to 31 October 2019, and also addresses issues relating to Israeli settlements in the occupied Syrian Golan, is submitted to the Council pursuant to that request.
The report is based on monitoring and other information-gathering activities conducted by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and on information provided by other United Nations entities in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Israeli and Palestinian non-governmental organizations and civil society in the occupied Syrian Golan. It should be read in conjunction with recent relevant reports submitted by the Secretary-General and the High Commissioner to the General Assembly and to the Human Rights Council (A/74/357, A/HRC/40/39, A/HRC/40/42 and A/HRC/40/43). The quarterly updates and reports of the Secretary-General presented to the Security Council on the implementation of Security Council resolution 2334 (2016) also provide relevant information.
During the period under review, the Israeli settlement expansion accelerated in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem. Settlement housing advancement in Area C of the West Bank doubled, while in East Jerusalem the numbers remained approximately the same compared to the previous reporting period (1 November 2017 to 31 October 2018). The construction of outposts,2the demolition of Palestinian property and the resulting displacement continued at a rapid rate, as did settler violence and the lack of accountability for them.