Gaza Situation Report 221, 27 March – 10 April 2018

HIGHLIGHTS

  • The Gaza Strip continues to suffer from the chronic fuel and water crises, the glaring absence of any sustainable socio-economic improvements to the distressed economy, the lack of progress in the reconciliation process as well as the impact of the blockade. The blockade on Gaza, which continues to hamper freedom of movement of people and goods, will enter its 12th year in June 2018. According to United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), during February 2018, the volume of crossings into Israel through Erez crossing was 7% above the monthly average in 2017 but 44% below the monthly average in 2016. Erez is now the only crossing between Israel and Gaza that is available for the movement of people. The crossing is at the northern end of Gaza. Residents of the Gaza Strip are required to obtain individual exit permits to Israel. The permit is issued by military officials rather than the Ministry of Interior, and Israel’s policy is to not permit entry for residents of the Gaza Strip except in exceptional Palestinian medical and humanitarian cases.

  • On 8 March, Gisha has released a new publication on the impact of the closure on women in Gaza, entitled “Dreams Deferred: The impact of the closure on women in the Gaza Strip”. The report explains the impact of the blockade on family life, the economy, and civil society from the perspective of women over the past twelve years. Women, who account for 49% of the population of the Strip, are particularly susceptible to the repercussions of the severe limitations imposed by Israel on the movement of people and goods into and out of Gaza. As such, they bear a heavy share of the social and economic costs associated with the tightening of the closure in 2007. Each one of the women interviewed has overcome social obstacles and limitations but is still faced with the severe Israeli restrictions on movement in and out of Gaza.

  • UNRWA Commissioner-General Pierre Krähenbühl visited the Gaza Strip from 27 to 29 March. During his stay, he visited Maghazi Health Centre, meeting with staff and beneficiaries, as well as Khan Younis Elementary Boys School “B”, the Khan Younis Distribution centre and the local Relief and Social Services Office where he engaged with school parliamentarians, the parents’ council representatives and distribution staff. Mr. Krähenbühl also visited Deir El Balah Camp Improvement Project and met with community representatives. In addition, at a press conference on 28 March, the Commissioner-General warned of a dramatic and unprecedented deterioration of humanitarian conditions in the Gaza Strip. He spoke about the tremendous psychological pressures that people in Gaza are experiencing and warned of the future of the educational process in UNRWA schools due to the Agency's financial deficit. The Commissioner-General also used the opportunity to hand over a personal medal from His Holiness Pope Francis to UNRWA student Ru’a in recognition of her courage and that of 525,000 Palestine refugee students.

  • On 7 April, the UNRWA Health Programme celebrated World Health Day under the global theme “Universal Health Coverage”. UNRWA conducted over eight awareness-raising sessions across the Gaza Strip on the topics of non-communicable diseases, dental, post-natal and maternal services offered by UNRWA. During the sessions, the floor was opened for discussion and questions from the participants and information material were distributed. Through 22 health centres, UNRWA in Gaza provides primary health care services to the majority of Palestine refugees in the Gaza Strip, including clinical and laboratory services, maternal health and family planning advice, as well as monitoring and treatment of communicable diseases such as diarrhoea, meningitis or mumps. Meanwhile, the critical crisis of shortage of medical supplies in the public health sector continues with about 45 per cent in the drugs and about 27 per cent in the consumables arrived to zero stock by the end of March. These critical shortages have negatively impacted important health services, such as maternal health care, oncology services, renal dialysis, heart and catheterization interventions, as well as eye and orthopaedic surgeries.

  • UNRWA continues to implement a total of 13 infrastructure projects worth US$ 44.87 million, while 22 projects worth US$ 31.17 million are awaiting implementation. In March, UNRWA imported 27 trucks of construction materials included on the list of dual use items such as cement, white cement, steel pipes, steel reinforcement bars, raw materials and elevators for ongoing UNRWA infrastructure projects.

THE UNRWA SHELTER UPDATE

Activities in March 2018:

Completed cases:

  • 154 reconstruction cases have been completed.

  • 180 families have received their first instalment to start the reconstruction.*

Disbursement of payments

  • In total UNRWA disbursed approximately US$ 4.5 million for shelter assistance:

  • For reconstruction: US$ 4,236,399

  • For repair: US$ 264,945

OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Between 29 March and 6 April, Israeli patrol boats opened fire towards Palestinian boats off the coast of the Gaza Strip on seven occasions, forcing them ashore. Three injuries were reported.

Between 27 March and 9 April, Israeli forces positioned at the fence opened fire towards Palestinian areas on 35 occasions. One injury and three fatalities were reported.

On 28 and 29 March on five occasions, civilians, mostly youth, staged protests against the US President’s decision to move the American Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem near the perimeter fence in different areas of Gaza. When some of them approached the fence and threw stones towards Israeli observation posts, Israeli forces responded with gunfire and teargas. One injury was reported.

Between 30 March and 6 April, civilians, mostly youth, staged a number of protests under the slogan “Great Return March” near the perimeter fence in different areas of Gaza. Israeli forces responded with gunfire and teargas. According to the Ministry of Health, a total of 30 people have been killed and 2,901 people have been injured.