Background on Schools Under threat of Demolition in West Bank (December 2020)

Situation Report
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Under International Human Rights Law (IHRL), every child has the right to education and States have an obligation to protect, respect and fulfil this right.The universal right to education is enshrined in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights (I 948), article 26: "everyone has the right to education".

This right is reaffirmed by the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR);The Convention on the Rights of the Child; and the UNESCO Convention against Discrimination in Education. Further, as established by the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR), in order for the right to education to be fully realized, education in all its forms and all levels must exhibit the essential elements of availability, accessibility, acceptability and adaptability'. It has been widely affirmed that Israel's IHRL obligations apply extraterritorially to its conduct in the oPt, including in reports of the Secretary General and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, as well as by relevant UN treaty bodies4 and the International Court of justice .In addition, Israel, as the occupying power in the oPt, has an obligation under international humanitarian law to facilitate- with the coopera-tion of national and local authorities- the proper working of all institutions devoted to the education of children.