Nigeria + 1 more

WFP Nigeria Situation Report #23, 1 - 30 November 2017



  • In November WFP, both directly and through partnerships, provided food assistance to 1,160,000 people (97 percent of the plan of the month) through in-kind distributions (75 percent) and cash-based transfers (25 percent) in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States.

  • The onset of the dry season triggered an increase in attacks and renewed military operations in November, particularly in Borno State and parts of Adamawa State. This has caused additional population displacement, substantial casualties, and restricted humanitarian access.

Situation Update

  • An increase in the number of security incidents is being reported. Non-State Armed Group (NSAG) carried out suicide attacks in Mubi and Madagali towns (Adamawa State), and Magumeri town (Borno State). The Secretary-General strongly condemned the suicide attacks in Mubi, the deadliest this year, and expressed particular concerns as several humanitarian organisations have established their presence in this town to better access vulnerable people in Adamawa.

  • Harvests concluded at the end of November across the country. FEWSNET reports that countrywide the cereal production is 9 percent higher than last year and the impact of the harvests combined with other improving macroeconomic indicators has produced a decline in food prices countrywide.

  • Although the aggregate production of cereals has been above average across the country, the December FEWSNET and WFP joint market monitoring bulletin reported that the prices of food commodities monitored across the markets in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States have increased compared to last year, as the conflict has affected the local harvest.

  • The joint market monitoring bulletin also reported that recent recovery in oil export revenues, coupled with relatively stable inflation, is helping to gradually drive Nigeria’s economy out of recession.

  • The food security situation in Northeast Nigeria remains extremely fragile and although the risk of famine has so far been averted, in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe 2.56 million people are currently in need of food assistance.

  • Without maintained and even expanded humanitarian food and livelihood assistance, 3.7 million people will be estimated to be at risk of critical food insecurity in the next lean season, June to August 2008.

  • Across the three states an estimated 560,000 children 6 to 59 months are acutely malnourished - 310,000 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and 251,000 with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM). Further, an estimated 230,000 pregnant or lactating women are acutely malnourished.

  • The IOM-DTM reports from January to October 2017 (Rounds XIV to XIX) indicate that food assistance remains a priority need for displaced households particularly in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States.

  • During the month sectors and humanitarian partners, including WFP, have been carrying in-depth joint needs assessments in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States whose findings are to feed into the Humanitarian Needs Overview and the 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan, both to be finalised by mid-December.

  • Across the border, tensions increased in Cameroon between the government and Anglophone minority and the dry season has allowed thousands of Englishspeaking Cameroonians to begin fleeing across the border into Nigeria Cross River State via four entry points with Cameroon. UNHCR is currently providing food and non-food items (NFIs) to the 5,277 already registered asylum seekers.

  • Taking into consideration the potential deterioration of the situation WFP, UNHCR and partners have elaborated a contingency plan and a technical coordination meeting will be held with government authorities in Cross-River state on 18 December.