5.2 m people in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe States, and 50,000 people estimated to be in famine-like conditions across Northeast Nigeria during the lean season (June-September) (Cadre Harmonisé, March 2017)
1.62 m people displaced across Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States. (IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix, August 2017)
WFP Executive Director David Beasley visited Nigeria on 5 and 6 September calling for stepped-up efforts to overcome the crisis in the Northeast. During his visit he met with Vice-President Yemi Osinbajo and Borno State Deputy Governor Usman Durkwa, and spoke with community leaders and young mothers at the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) camp in Maiduguri.
Since the beginning of the month, and as of 15 September, WFP, both directly and through partnerships, provided food assistance to approximately 479,000 beneficiaries (37 percent of the monthly plan) dispatching over 8,000 mt of mixed food commodities in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States.
The security situation remains volatile in parts of Northeast Nigeria and three LGAs in Borno State (Abadam, Marte, and Guzumala) are still considered completely inaccessible, all of which are in Emergency (IPC 4).
During the past weeks an increase on the frequency of attacks on “softer” targets (camps for Internally Displaced Persons and Nigerian refugees returning home, markets, villages and places of worship) has been recorded, highlighting the continued deterioration of the operational context. The Emergency Relief Coordinator during his visit to Nigeria between 9 and 12 September stressed the need for safety and protection of civilians and condemned the attacks which also compromise the safety of humanitarian workers and hamper the timely delivery of lifesaving assistance to those in need.
The rainy season is posing challenges and slowing transportation in select areas. The effect of the heavy rainfalls and flooding since August have caused damages to infrastructure and livelihoods. The road to Rann have remained inaccessible since the beginning of August due to the incessant rains.
After days of torrential rainfall, severe floods affected more than 100,000 people in twelve Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Benue State in the mid-belt region of Nigeria. The National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) has intervened with distribution of food and Non-Food Items (NFIs).
The Niger Basin Authority (NBA) warned of a tangible treat of severe flooding around the Niger River, which has recently burst its banks in Niger where 200,000 people have been affected so far. In view of additional flooding in Nigeria, WFP is liaising with NEMA.
The incessant rains combined with poor drainage and stagnant water led to the spreading of waterborne diseases such as cholera. A cholera outbreak has been reported in Borno State by the State Ministry of Health.
As of 18 September, the number of suspected cholera cases has surpassed 2,000, with 44 deaths reported (2 per cent fatality rate), mainly in Muna Garage, an IDP camp hosting about 20,000 people in Maiduguri in Borno State. A Cholera Response and Prevention Plan, has been developed to address the immediate needs of 3.7 million people that could be affected by the outbreak.
The IOM DTM Round XVIII (August 2017) estimates that a total of 1.62 million people are still internally displaced across Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States, of whom 85 percent are in Borno alone. This represents a decrease of about 4 percent compared to the previous round (June 2017). The trend of increasing numbers of returnees continued with a nominal increase of one percent recorded (from 1,257,911 to 1,268,140). The influx of returnees is severely stressing limited existing services and aggravating the food and nutrition crisis.
According to August WFP Borno and Yobe States Market Monitoring, prices of cereals remained relatively stable across WFP monitored markets in Yobe and Borno states, reflecting favourable prospects for the new cropping season and a more stable macroeconomic situation.
The recently released FAO Crop Prospects And Food Situation reports that although prices remained stable across the conflict affected areas they remained well above their year-earlier levels due to the lingering effects of a weak currency and the disruption of market activities.