WFP Nigeria Situation Report #15, 1 - 15 June 2017
5.2 m people food insecure in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe States, and 50,000 people estimated to be in famine-like conditions across Northeast Nigeria (Cadre Harmonisé, March 2017)
1.9 m people displaced across Northeast Nigeria
(IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix, May 2017)
Since the beginning of the month, and as of 15 June, WFP, both directly and through partnerships, provided food assistance to approximately 521,000 beneficiaries in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States.
Through its partners, WFP has been able to provide food assistance on a daily basis to newly arrived returnees from Cameroon to Bama (Banki and Bama town) and Gwoza LGAs (Pulka and Gwoza town).
Insecurity persists in parts of Northeast Nigeria, disrupting food supplies, seriously hindering access to basic services, and limiting agricultural activities, worsening an already dire food security situation.
A significant portion of the population (5.2 million people) in Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa States continues to face acute food insecurity, with an increased risk of high levels of acute malnutrition and mortality. Less accessible areas, particularly in Borno State, remain at risk of famine.
According to FEWS NET the reduced level of attacks in Northeast Nigeria during the last months has facilitated an increase in trade flows, and has also led to an increased rate of return of displaced people to areas near their locations of origin.
The latest IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) reports around 1.9 million Internally Displaced People (IDPs), representing a 3 percent increase since the last report. The key reasons for the increase were relocations of Nigerians from Cameroon and an influx from villages to towns due to continuing military action and clashes.
The recent influx of refugees from Cameroon, (around 12,000 people relocated from Cameroon's Minawao refugee camp to Nigeria's Banki town,
Bama LGA between April 30 and May 31) is putting additional pressure on the humanitarian response.
The scale of population movement is worsening the food security situation, as returning refugees and IDPs are adding to the strain on both camps and host communities.
Although the scale of conflict has decreased, significant areas, particularly in Borno State, remain inaccessible to humanitarian partners.
The depreciation of the naira (NGN) against the US dollar (USD) and regional currencies since June 2016 has contributed to a sharp increase in prices for staples in most markets, which were already elevated in the northeast due to conflict. High staple food prices are expected to further restrict food access for poor households during the lean season through September.
The impending rainy and lean seasons are expected to further exacerbate the food crisis, as well as health and sanitation risks. The rainy season will also limit humanitarian access in certain areas drastically impacting road deliveries which the food sector relies on.