WFP Nigeria Situation Report #13, 1 - 15 May 2017
1.8 m people displaced across Northeast Nigeria (IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix, March 2017)
4.7 m people food insecure in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe States and estimated to increase to 5.2 m between June and August 2017 (Phases 3, 4 & 5– Cadre Harmonisé, March 2017)
450,000 children under the age of five likely to suffer from severe acute malnutrition (Situation Report No. 10, UNOCHA, 30 April 2017)
As of 15 May WFP, both directly and through partnerships, provided food assistance to approximately 546,000 beneficiaries in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States.
WFP’s response to the food crisis in Nigeria is critically underfunded. To minimize the impact of resource shortfalls on the affected population, WFP has developed a prioritization plan to focus on the most critically food insecure populations.
Considering the current level of underfunding, WFP will only be able to target in June 1.36 million of the most food insecure people in Northeast Nigeria instead of the 1.8 million originally planned.
Insecurity in North-East Nigeria continues to contribute to large-scale population displacement (1.8 million people affected), and to restrict or hamper livelihood activities such as farming and trade, worsening an already dire food security situation.
The number of IDPs has declined slightly as military gains against Boko Haram have enabled some returns. The scale of population movement is worsening the food security situation, as returning refugees and IDPs are adding to the strain on both camps and host communities.
The recent findings of the Household Economic Approach (HEA) exercise, released in late April, revealed that almost 3 out of 4 IDPs (73 per cent) are unable to fully meet their daily kilocalorie needs (2,100 kcal per day).
Currently, there are 4.7 million estimated food insecure people in the country’s most crisis-affected states (Borno, Adamawa and Yobe), and this number is expected to rise to 5.2 million between June and August, including more than 50,000 people who could face famine-like conditions across the three states.
The impending rainy and lean seasons are expected to further exacerbate the food crisis, as well as health and sanitation risks. The rainy season will also limit humanitarian access drastically impacting road deliveries which the food sector relies on.
The lean season is expected to increase malnutrition cases in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe - approximately 450,000 children under the age of five are expected to suffer this year from severe acute malnutrition.