Nigeria + 6 more

West and Central Africa Region Weekly Humanitarian Snapshot 1 – 7 September 2015

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CAMEROON
TWIN SUICIDE BLASTS KILL AT LEAST 30
On 3 September, two suicide blasts killed at least 30 people and injured over a hundred in northern Cameroon near the border with Nigeria where recurrent attacks by suspected Boko Haram militants have restricted movement and humanitarian response to those affected by the violence.

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (CAR)
CONCERN OVER IDP CAMP CLOSURE
On 28 August the Central African Government announced its decision to close the M'Poko site next to Bangui’s International Airport runway for internally displaced persons (IDPs) as of 15 September, where some 146 families still reside, the main reason being to enable the construction of a wall around the airport. The humanitarian community has expressed its concern and has called on all stakeholders concerned to prioritize dialogue in order to reach a feasible solution.

MALI
NEW POLIO CASE CONFIRMED
On 7 September, WHO announced that a case of type 2 poliovirus (which is spread after being excreted by people who have been immunized with live oral polio vaccine) has been confirmed in Mali’s capital Bamako. The country is on high alert after the authorities detected a paralysis case with onset on 20 July. The patient is a 19-month old child of Guinean nationality whose paralysis occurred seven days prior to arriving in Bamako to seek health care. The last case of wild polio virus in Mali dates back to June 2011 in Timbuktu Region.

MILITIA HANDS OVER CONTROL OF TOWN
On 6 September, the pro-government militia group GATIA (Groupe autodéfense touareg Imghad et allies) handed over control of the northern Mali town of Anefis to government forces. Clashes in the town over the past month had forced hundreds of civilians to flee to nearby Kidal. WFP has pre-positioned 76.7 tons of food in Kidal some of which will be used to assist around 2,000 people in Anefis.

NIGERIA
OVER 2.1 MILLION DISPLACED IN THE NORTHEAST
More than 2.1 million people or 300,000 households are now internally displaced in northern Nigeria, according to IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM). The increase in the number of IDPs from the 1.3 million recorded in the June DTM report can be attributed to the intensification of attacks carried out by insurgents as well as to improved access to previously inaccessible areas of Borno State where currently there are well over 1.6 million Internally Displaced People (IDP).

30 KILLED IN ATTACKS
On 4 September 30 people were killed and several more injured when a person-borne IED was detonated in Linkmara village market in Gwoza Local Government Area, Borno state.

FLOODS AFFECT OVER 300,000
An estimated 302,200 people have been affected by floods in 10 Local Government Areas in Adamawa State since 30 August. The floods were triggered by spillage due to damage at a nearby dam in Gombe State. Recent heavy rainfall has also worsened the flooding. The National Emergency Management Agency has held a meeting to map out the response, and UNICEF and ICRC have conducted preliminary assessments.

EVD REGIONAL

2 CASES IN GUINEA AND SIERRA LEONE, LIBERIA DECLARED EBOLA-FREE On 1 September, one confirmed case was reported in Ratoma sub-prefecture in Conakry, Guinea. On 5 September one case was confirmed in Sierra Leone in Kambia district. On 3 September, the Ministry of Health and WHO declared Liberia free of Ebola transmission for the second time this year. Liberia has now begun a 90-day intensive surveillance period. A medical team conducting experimental Ebola vaccination in Guinea began vaccination in neighbouring Sierra Leone. The Phase III trial (which tests the effectiveness of a vaccine) of the VSV-EBOV vaccine is being carried out using a so-called ‘ring vaccination’ strategy that involves vaccinating all contacts and contacts of contacts

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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