UNICEF Nigeria Humanitarian Situation Report, 1-31 October 2018
• The total number of IDPs in the three northeast states has increased to 1.81 million people, with an increase of 2 per cent and 8 per cent recorded in Borno and Adamawa, respectively.
• UNICEF has participated actively in the Humanitarian Planning Cycle, and has finalized its planning figures, including budgets, for UNICEF’s child protection, education, health, nutrition and WASH activities. Planning figures and budgets were also finalized for the education, nutrition and WASH sectors, and for the child protection sub-sector.
• Since January, UNICEF has provided access to safe water for 1,113,705 people in the three northeast states, with 18,568 conflict-affected people benefiting within the current reporting period.
• A cumulative total of 499,385 children and caregivers (43per cent females) accessed life-skills education to build their resilience, self-esteem and sense of normalcy through integrated child protection in emergency services. UNICEF has now reached 93 per cent of its 2018 target for this activity.
Children in need of humanitarian assistance (Humanitarian Response Plan, 2018)
People in need of humanitarian assistance in the northeast states of Borno, Adamawa & Yobe (HRP, 2018)
People targeted in the northeast states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (HRP, 2018)
Internally displaced people in Borno, Adamawa, and Yobe (IOM DTM Round XXV, October 2018) 175,953 Newly displaced people since February 2018 (IOM DTM Round XXIII, June 2018)
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
More than 1.81 million people are now internally displaced across the three northeast states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, according to the IOM DTM Round XXV (October 2018). All states, except for Yobe, witnessed an increase in the number of IDPs. Borno, which remains the state most affected by the conflict, hosts the highest number of IDPs (1,475,605 individuals, with a two per cent increase), while Adamawa recorded an increase of eight per cent. Hostilities between armed groups are continuing, and resulting in ongoing displacement, although no major attacks on large towns was recorded during the reporting period. However, sustained displacement witnessed over the last few months is attributed to influxes into government-held towns due to continuing military actions, movement due to improved road conditions, fear of attacks, and poor living conditions.
Efforts to contain cholera outbreaks in all three states - which have now affected more than 10,000 people and claimed nearly 200 lives - continued throughout the reporting period. In Borno State, a cumulative total of 5600 cases, with 73 associated deaths (CFR 1.3 per cent), had been recorded as of 30 October. The outbreak has affected a much wider geographical area than in 2017, with 13 LGAs reporting cases: 2185 in Jere, 1,297 in MMC, 1036 in Ngala, 340 in Magumeri, 161 in Kwaya-Kusar, 156 in Konduga, 136 in Chibok, 89 in Askira-Uba, 57 in Dikwa, 56 in Bama, 42 in Damboa, 34 in Kaga, and 11 in Shani. In Adamawa State, cases have reached a cumulative total of 2,689, with 41 associated deaths (CFR 1.5 per cent) and three affected LGAs during the reporting period (Fufore, Yola North and Yola South). In Yobe, the reporting period saw 561 cases in 5 LGAs (Gulani, Gujba, Damaturu, Fune and Potiskum), bringing the cumulative total of the state to 1,720 cases with 61 associated deaths (CFR 3.55 per cent).
As the humanitarian community prepares its plans for the coming year, UNICEF sectors have submitted their inputs into the Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) and Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) and UNICEF programme sections have uploaded their 2019 plans into the Project Modules system. The overall UNICEF requirement currently stands at $115 million: $31 million for nutrition (20 per cent decrease compared to last year), $29 million for WASH (49 per cent increase), $24 million for education (31 per cent decrease), $18.2 million for child protection (29 per cent decrease), and $16.7 million for health (15 per cent decrease). The UNICEF-led sectors have finalized their requirements as follows: $106.3 million for the nutrition sector (1 per cent decrease), $68.8 million for the WASH sector (38 per cent increase), $48.3 million for the education sector (20 per cent decrease) and $36.6 million for the child protection sub-sector (8 per cent decrease).
The total number of people in need in 2019 is estimated at 7.1 million (an 8% decrease from last year’s figures, shown in the table below). Humanitarian actors will seek to target 6.2 million people with assistance (compared to 6.1 million people in 2018).