UNICEF Nigeria Humanitarian Situation Report, 1-31 December 2018
In 2018, UNICEF reached more than 100 per cent on several of its targets in the Humanitarian Appeal for Children (HAC):
• 233,966 (109 per cent) children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) received treatment at UNICEF-supported treatment centres.
• 3,321,767 (142 per cent) IDPs (including 1,594,448 children under 5 years) were provided with integrated primary health care services at UNICEFsupported health facilities.
• At least 1,228,266 (116 per cent) conflict-affected persons were reached with WASH services.
On child protection and education:
• UNICEF reached 85 per cent of its planned target for providing psychosocial support services
• 491,918 (34 per cent) boys and girls received learning materials to improve their access to formal education.
Hostilities between non-state armed groups (NSAGs) and security forces increased in late December in northern Borno, leading to fresh displacements and increased humanitarian needs.
4.5 million Children in need of humanitarian assistance (Humanitarian Response Plan, 2018)
7.7 million People in need of humanitarian assistance in the northeast states of Borno, Adamawa & Yobe (HRP, 2018)
6.1 million People targeted in the northeast states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (HRP, 2018)
1.81 million Internally displaced people in Borno,
Adamawa, and Yobe (IOM DTM Round XXV, October 2018) 175,953 Newly displaced people since February 2018 (IOM DTM Round XXIII, June 2018)
UNICEF Appeal 2018 US$ 142.5 million
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
As the year drew to a close, the total number of IDPs in 2018 peaked at 1.81 million, up from about 1.6 million2 at the beginning of the year. New displacements of people over the course of 2018 were relatively stable, with a total of 176,000 newly displaced people in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states. The last weeks of December witnessed the highest movement of people, due to increased conflict between Nigerian security forces (SF) and non-state armed groups (NSAGs), especially in northern Borno. Hostilities in Baga on 26 December and Monguno on 28 December resulted in significant fresh displacement, with new registrations at camps in Maiduguri and Monguno estimated at 44,032 people in 11 camps (10 in MMC and 1 in Monguno).
With increased IDPs, the availability of land for humanitarian response has become an increasingly urgent limitation for humanitarian partners attempting to provide shelter, constructlatrines and provide safe water. In Monguno, over 10,000 persons are currently sleeping outside without any shelter, almost all camps in Maiduguri are congested and more people continue to arrive.
Apart from the impact that hostilities have had on the local population, they have also significantly reduced humanitarian access and increased the number of people who are beyond the reach of humanitarian assistance (particularly in Kukawa LGA) which has become completely inaccessible to aid workers since December 2018. At least 253 humanitarian workers temporarily relocated from their duty stations in November-December due to ongoing hostilities, including 113 humanitarian workers who relocated from Monguno on 29 December. Among the specific incidents that impacted on UNICEF facilities during the reporting period are the 7 December attack on Rann (Kala Balge LGA, Borno state) where the UNICEF-supported clinic was burnt, and the 24 December attack in Kukareta (Damaturu LGA, Yobe state) where the maternity section of the Kukareta health facility was burnt and medicine looted. On 24 and 26 December NSAGs also burnt down three primary schools in Kukareta and Katarko towns where 1,389 children (721 girls and 668 boys), including internally displaced children, were schooling.
Needs assessments are underway in several affected locations receiving IDPs, including Monguno. Sectors are coordinating closely with partners already on the ground in these locations, as well as with rapid response partners/actors with capacity for additional scale-up of activities. In addition, sectors and partners are working on a dry season/election plan (which was originally drafted early December but requires significant updating in relation to the latest security developments and population movements).