• UNICEF remains extremely concerned about the situation of more than 25,000 people who are still sleeping under open skies in Monguno and Maiduguri Teachers Village, and for whom there is currently no plan for relocation. There is an urgent need for the identification of additional land in these two locations, so that shelters, WASH facilities and other structures can be prepared before the start of the rainy season.
• In Rann (Kale Balge LGA), an estimated 40,000 people remain highly vulnerable and without humanitarian assistance. This population had fled into Cameroon as a result of attacks on 14 and 27 January. However, at the request of Nigerian and Cameroonian authorities, most of the population returned to Rann in late February.
• The number of measles cases has increased sharply across Borno State, especially among children arriving from hard-to-reach areas. Over 2,000 cases have been reported in 18 LGAs and 18 IDP camps, with 6 LGAs accounting for most cases. Plans for a large-scale reactive measles campaign are underway.
Children in need of humanitarian assistance (Humanitarian Response Plan, 2019)
People in need of humanitarian assistance in the northeast states of Borno, Adamawa & Yobe (HRP, 2019)
People targeted in the northeast states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (HRP, 2019)
Internally displaced people in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states
(IOM DTM Round XXIV, January 2019)
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
The number of displaced people in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States ostensibly reduced by 3 per cent - to 1.76 million people - since the publication of the last IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix in October 2018. It should be noted, however, that this reduction is attributed not to a decrease in population movement, but to decreased access to assess all conflict-affected areas. Since December 2018, aid workers and enumerators alike lost their ability to sustainably assess and respond to humanitarian needs in two LGAs of Borno State, Kala Balge and Kukawa. This brings the total of inaccessible LGAs in Borno to five (along with Abadam, Marte and Guzamala, where there has not been any provision of humanitarian assistance or services since the start of the conflict).
Borno continues to host the highest number of IDPs (more than 1.4 million)1. During the reporting period (IOM ETT Reports 104-108), over 14,873 new arrivals were registered in Borno and Yobe states with Monguno, Maiduguri, Gwoza and Ngala registering the highest numbers of new arrivals. The key drivers behind these population movements are conflict/military operations, fear of attack, poor living condition, and voluntary relocation. The priority needs for the returnees and the IDPs remain shelter, access to water and sanitation, health and nutrition services and provision of food.
The humanitarian situation remains particularly precarious among recent arrivals in Monguno and Maiduguri IDP camps, where the delivery of services and assistance are significantly undermined by the lack of available land. More than 25,000 are currently sleeping under open skies, and will not be able to move into new shelters until additional land for the creation of camps is identified. The planned relocation of new arrivals in the overcrowded Teachers Village Camp to the newly established Stadium camp is now underway, following some initial challenges linked to the premature movement of IDPs in advance of the official starting date.
The worsening security situation in northeast Nigeria continues to exacerbate humanitarian needs. Of particular concern is the situation of an estimated 40,000 people who fled from the town of Rann (Kale Balge LGA) into Cameroon following attacks on 14 and 27 January, in which dozens of civilians were reportedly killed. The majority of this population returned to Rann at the end of February, after being encouraged to do so by Nigerian and Cameroonian authorities. However, since their arrival, lack of humanitarian access in and around Rann has resulted in the inability of humanitarian actors to provide support to highly vulnerable people.
The number of measles cases has increased significantly across Borno State, especially among children arriving from hard-to-reach areas where coverage of routine immunization is believed to be low and where the nutritional situation may be worse. Over 2,000 cases have been reported in 18 LGAs and 18 IDP camps, with 6 LGAs accounting for most cases. Plans for a large-scale reactive measles campaign are underway.
UNICEF has continued to disseminate its 2019 Humanitarian Action Plan (HAC) to provide integrated WASH, nutrition, education, child protection and health support to 2.67 million people affected by the conflict in the northeast states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe. UNICEF is currently grossly underfunded at 68 per cent.