Nigeria

UNICEF Nigeria Humanitarian Situation Report, 01-31 March 2018

Attachments

Highlights

  • The reporting period witnessed high levels movement of IDPs, with a total of 16,542 new arrivals, 3,068 departures and 201 transit movements across 33 LGAs in Borno and Adamawa States.

  • A total of 35 new cases of Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) with 3 deaths were reported in Yusufari and Bade LGAs, Yobe State. Laboratory tests confirmed the presence of cholera.

  • A total of 195,804 medical consultations were supported by UNICEF in 2018, out of which 91,184 consultations were made within the reporting period.

  • UNICEF and its implementing partners have provided critical child protection services to 200,160 children and caregivers in the crisis-affected states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe since the start of 2018.

  • Though critically underfunded at 80% and 90%, WASH and Health reached a total 128,446 and 195,804 conflict-affected people respectively during the reporting period. Increased funding is urgently required in these Sectors for an integrated UNICEF response to crises-affected children in north east Nigeria.

4.5 million
Children in need of humanitarian assistance
(Humanitarian Response Plan, 2018)
7.7 million
People in need of humanitarian assistance in the northeast states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe for 2017 (Humanitarian Response Plan, 2017)
6.1 million
People targeted in the northeast states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe
(Humanitarian Response Plan, 2018)
1.5 million
Internally displaced people in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states
(IOM DTM Round XXI, February 2018)
16,542
Newly displaced people
(IOM DTM Round XXI, February 2018)

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

More than 1.634.000 people remain internally displaced across the three north eastern states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, of whom 83.5% are in Borno. The reporting period witnessed a high level of movement, with a total of 16, 542 new arrivals, 3,068 departures and 201 transit movements recorded across 33 LGAs in Borno and Adamawa states. The main reasons for the returns are improved security and voluntary relocation, while new displacement is propelled by poor living conditions, fear of attack, ongoing conflict and military operations.

On 23rd March, the Nigerian Government announced its intention to facilitate the return of IDPs from Maiduguri to Bama LGA. Bama currently has the largest number of displaced people (203,374) still outside of the LGA, and at the same time also hosts the highest number of IDPs (49,139 persons DTM Round XXI) of all Borno LGAs. The first voluntary returns exercise, supported by a government package of 10,000 Naira cash, a 50kg bag of rice, and a bag of maize flour per family, was scheduled for 2nd April. Humanitarian actors have emphasized the importance of ensuring that all returns processes take place in a safe, voluntary, and dignified manner, and take into consideration the capacity of state and other actors to meet the needs of returnees.

As of 31st March, 133 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) with 12 deaths (a case fatality rate of 9%) were reported in Bade and Yusufari LGAs of Yobe State. Laboratory tests confirmed the presence of cholera. WASH and health partners - including UNICEF, WHO, VCM, MSF Spain, State Ministry of Health (SMoH), State Primary Health Care Board (SPHCMB) and LGAs authorities - are responding in the affected areas. Meanwhile, the number of cholera cases in Kukawa LGA continues to decline following responses by UNICEF and partners. A total number of 639 cases and 3 deaths were reported at the end of March (resulting in a case fatality rate of 0.5%).

On 1st March, members of a non-state armed groups attacked the military camp in Rann, killing seven military personnel.

Hostilities also resulted in the deaths of three humanitarian workers (including a doctor working for a UNICEF contractor) and the abduction of three female health workers (including a nurse working for a UNICEF contractor). Humanitarian activities in Rann were suspended as a result of the attack, temporarily leaving the local population and an estimated 40,000 IDPs without life-saving assistance. The attack also resulted in the closure of the only school in Rann, thus halting learning opportunities for 7300 children (46% of whom are girls) and the destruction of 2,700 school bags with essential learning materials prepositioned in preparation for new enrolment. All teachers have moved to Maiduguri following the attack.