Northeast Nigeria: Humanitarian emergency - Situation Report No. 9 (as of 15 April 2017)
As of 15 April 2017, 10.3% ($109 million) of the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) had been funded for North-East Nigeria. Over $120 million was also received outside the 2017 HRP, according to the Financial Tracking System. Additional funding is urgently required to continue to scale up the humanitarian response;
Due to critical funding shortages, Food Security partners started experiencing a pipeline break, forcing organisations to provide only half rations to beneficiaries;
The prevalence of food insecurity remains high, particularly among IDPs and refugee returnees whose livelihoods opportunities are limited, further impacting the deteriorating food and nutrition situation in North-East Nigeria.
Movement of population
During the two weeks under review there was a sharp spike in the number of spontaneous returns from Cameroon. From 8 to 9 April, an unprecedented influx of organized refugee returns from Minawao camp (Cameroon) into Banki took place. By 11 April, the registered number of returns stood at 600. Despite the Tripartite Agreement recently signed between UNHCR, and the Governments of Nigeria and Cameroon, cases of refoulement at the Cameroonian border have been reported, causing serious protection concerns.
Many cities hosting IDPs and refugee returnees, such as Bama, Banki, Damasak, Damboa, Dikwa, Gwoza, Ngala and Rann, will further suffer from the upcoming rainy season (starting around May/June). In the Kala Balge LGA, the camp of Rann (about 10kms from the Cameroonian border) is of concern for the humanitarian community given its geographical level of isolation and the rapid population growth (at least 10,000 additional people over the last three months). As of 3 April, the camp already hosted more than 50,000 people, mainly IDPs. From 4 to 14 April, 3,225 new arrivals were registered with 1,212 of them being children under five. Newcomers arrive from other parts of the LGA but also from neighbouring Cameroon where they were refugees. They are highly vulnerable, often in a poor state of health, and very often entirely dependent on aid. Some of them cannot sustain themselves because of the movement restrictions enforced which make farming almost impossible.
The camps are overstretched and require an urgent scale up of operations in WASH, Shelter/NFIs, Logistics, Protection, Education, Nutrition and Health. The mobile clinics are currently receiving more than 150 people a day with many people suffering from diarrhea and vomiting alongside whooping cough, bilharzia and malaria. Partners established several new camp areas, the non-flooding land has all been used for shelter, the boarding school and the hospital have also reached their highest capacities and many shelters are currently accommodating more than 30 people. During the upcoming rainy season Rann could be completely cut off from access through any other means than helicopter or air drop. Humanitarian and government partners are currently designing response plans for each sector.
An OCHA support team will deploy to Maiduguri early May 2017 to draft with partners an inter-agency and cross sector contingency plan to mitigate the potential consequences of this rainy season.
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.