Nigeria

Northeast Nigeria: Humanitarian emergency - Situation Report No. 5 (as of 09 February 2017)

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Highlights

  • At least 14,827 people were displaced due to military activity between 27 January and 10 February 2017, a further 300 were displaced because of attacks by armed groups.

  • The risk of famine will remain high in Nigeria’s northeast over the coming year, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET).

  • Almost 3 million children, aged 6 months to 10 years, were vaccinated in the recent national vaccination campaign against measles in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states.

  • Numerous internally displaced children not attending school are engaged in child labour and some are being sent out to beg.

  • The volatile security situation and on-going military operations make it difficult to organize effectively the movements of cargo and personnel.

Situation Overview

This reporting period saw the introduction of a new tool – the Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) – to measure and understand the current surges in population in diverse locations. These surges pose significant challenges for humanitarian workers, as the arrival of new internally displaced persons (IDPs) in any location will require additional food, shelter, water and sanitation, as well as health services, nutrition, protection, education and other services.

The local government areas (LGAs) of Borno State in the north-east of Nigeria are currently witnessing significant population movements. In some cases, IDPs may be returning to their LGAs of origin. In other cases, people are displaced because of military activities or attacks by armed groups. Other population movements may be due to refugees returning from Cameroon, or to a combination of causes.

The ETT acts as an alert tool that enables partners to deliver assistance in a timely manner. It is published every Monday to provide details of population movements during the previous week. It is followed by the Tuesday meetings of the Rapid Response Mechanism Working Group, to arrange quick responses to urgent needs of new arrivals in any site.

The table below gives a snapshot of the first ETT results over a 15-day period, and the map on page one shows the locations to which people moved and the numbers involved. It is notable that four population movement incidents were triggered by military activity and another by the attacks of armed groups. In three cases people were drawn to LGAs that recently became accessible. Another movement was due to the Nigerian refugees brought back from Cameroon by the military.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.