North-East Nigeria: Humanitarian Situation Update - Progress on key activities from the 2019-2021 Humanitarian Response Plan, March 2019 edition (covering 1 - 28 February 2019)

Situation Report
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In February, the United Nations and humanitarian partners prioritized responding to the immediate needs of an estimated 30,000 new arrivals as part of the 90-Day Emergency Response Plan. This plan follows a spike in mass movements of internally displaced people between the end of December and end of January. The majority of new arrivals, mostly from Baga town in Kukawa LGA, converged in internally displaced camps in greater Maiduguri (MMC, Jere, and Konduga LGAs) and are in urgent need of shelter, food, health services, and WASH facilities.

At the height of influx, Teachers Village IDP Camp in Maiduguri reached a population of more than 31,000 people in a location that has maximum capacity for 10,000 people. This resulted in overpopulation of the camp, significantly overstretching the existing resources. In February, humanitarians completed the site-planning, construction, and relocation plans for a new IDP camp at Mohammed Goni International Stadium in Maiduguri to decongest Teachers Village. The relocation process started at the end of February and 266 households (approximately 1,130 individuals) were moved and this process will continue in March, to ultimately accommodate an estimated 2,580 households (14,200 individuals). However, 40 per cent of IDP camps across Borno State will still faces challenges of over-congestion. Therefore, the humanitarian community continues to advocate for additional land to develop targeted, safe, area-specific decongestion plans in coordination with all actors, including traditional leaders and humanitarians.

The presidential and legislative elections held on 23 February also impacted humanitarian operations. The presence of humanitarian staff in the humanitarian hubs across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) states remained limited due to the relocation of staff during the election period. Non-state Armed Groups (NSAGs) launched multiple attacks on governmentcontrolled towns in Borno and Yobe states on election day. No casualties were reported among humanitarian staff or internally displaced people, and no humanitarian assets were impacted during these attacks.

An estimated 30,000 Nigerian refugees who had fled Rann of Kala/Balge LGA in Borno State to neighboring Cameroon returned to Rann at the end of February. Rann has not been accessible to humanitarian actors due to ongoing insecurity since 17 January and discussions on the possible redeployment of humanitarian workers are ongoing. The humanitarian community also urges for any returns to be voluntary, safe and dignified. A fire outbreak in Stadium Camp in Monguno town on 7 February burned down more than 900 makeshift and transitional shelters and claimed the lives of two children and one elderly woman. Nearly 8,000 internally displaced people in the camp were affected, as the fire destroyed their belongings, household items, and food. The United Nations and humanitarian partners mourned the tragedy and responded immediately with core relief items, emergency shelters, and non-food item kits. As the dry season continues, measures to mitigate fire outbreaks – including the decongestion of camps and reception centres which exacerbate the risk of fire outbreaks – are a key priority.

During February, more than 110,000 children were vaccinated against measles, as part of a reactive measles vaccination campaign that reached across five LGAs across Borno State (MMC, Jere, Konduga, Monguno and Bama). This resulted in a 105 per cent coverage among internally displaced people and an 88.3 per cent coverage among the host population.

In 2019, the United Nations and partners are appealing for $848 million for 183 projects to be implemented by 69 humanitarian organisations. It is the seventh largest single-country appeal globally. As of 28 February 2019, $10.1 million (1.2 per cent) of the funds have been received, according to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS).

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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