North-East Nigeria: Humanitarian Situation Update - Progress on key activities from the 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan, November 2018 edition (Covering 1 through 31 October 2018)
The humanitarian community mourned the death of Saifura Hussaini Ahmed Khorsa and Hauwa Mohammed Liman, midwives with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). Both aid workers were abducted from Rann town, Borno State, on 1 March 2018 following a deadly attack by a Non-State Armed Group in which three aid workers were killed, and executed in September and October 2018 respectively. A nurse with UNICEF, also abducted from Rann on 1 March 2018, is still being held by the Non-State Armed Group. This attack on the humanitarian community violates principled humanitarian response and will hamper much needed assistance to vulnerable populations in need.
The increase in insecurity and hostilities reported during this period, especially in northern Borno State, has had serious implications on humanitarian operations and the civilian population. Some humanitarian partners have temporarily suspended operations while others have significantly decreased programming in Damasak town, as well as in areas north of Monguno and other parts of northern Borno State. This has left thousands of people without adequate access to humanitarian assistance and medical care. The United Nations urges parties to the conflict to enable the work of humanitarian workers, facilitate their access to people in need and afford them protection in line with International Humanitarian Law.
The humanitarian community is engaging on a regular basis with the Nigerian Armed Forces to de-conflict movements and humanitarian activities to ensure life-saving humanitarian aid can be delivered in a safe manner. Civil-military coordination trainings in the field are underway with Military officers and humanitarian partners having received training on humanitarian principles and civil-military coordination in a complex emergency environment. The trainings introduce humanitarians and the military to the North-East Nigeria-Specific Guidance and establish a framework for addressing humanitarian concerns.
In October, over 800 children were reunited with their parents and caregivers, who were returned by the Civilian Joint Taskforce (CJTF) and are receiving ongoing support. Additionally, nine girls and 19 boys formerly associated with armed groups were also handed over by the military to the transit centre managed by the Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development in Borno State. They are receiving basic education, medical and psychosocial support services.
Partners concluded the Joint Approach in Nutrition and Food Security Assessment (JANFSA) field data collection during the reporting period. Preliminary findings provided crucial and timely nutrition and food security inputs into the October cycle of the Cadre Harmonisé (CH) analysis. The CH October 2018 results indicate that between October and December 2018 1.7 million people are estimated to be food insecure, and this number is predicted to rise to 2.7 million people during the lean season period from June to August 2018.
Additionally, recent proxy analysis suggests high levels of deprivation in hard-to-reach areas, where an estimated 823,000 people remain inaccessible to humanitarian actors. Nutrition screenings in reception centres for new arrivals reveal that the nutrition situation of children coming from hard-to-reach areas is significantly worse than that of children in areas receiving assistance. Discussions on ways forward for possible operational modalities for a response in hard-to-reach areas are underway.
The 2019 Humanitarian Program Cycle (HPC) is underway. An HRP workshop in Abuja brought together the ISWG with the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), federal and state-level representatives from the Government of Nigeria (GoN), donors, civil society and others to review the 2019-2021 HRP strategy and targets. Sector Coordinators presented inter-sectoral and sectoral analysis.
To alleviate the suffering of 6.1 million people in dire need of life-saving aid in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states, the United Nations and partners appealed for $1.05 billion for 176 projects to be implemented by 60 humanitarian organisations. It is the sixth largest single-country appeal globally. As of 31 October, $607 million (58 percent) of the funds have been received, according to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS).