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North-East Nigeria: Humanitarian Situation Update, July 2017

Situation Report
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As fighting continues, displacement and population movements continue. To date, the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) stands at 1.7 million in the states of Borno, Adamwa and Yobe, in addition to 200,000 Nigerian refugees settled in Cameroon, Niger and Chad. In July, most notably, close to 1,900 new arrivals were registered in Gwoza, 1,600 in Nga la, and more than 400 in Barna, Dikwa and Kala Balge each. These movements are putting significant pressure on sites and stretching the available resources, especially in Barna, Gwoza and Ngala: the total cumulative camp population in these three LGAs has now reached 172,850 women, children and men, and about 98,000 of them live without adequate shelter and in concerning sanitation conditions. While shelters are being constructed where possible to tackle the congestion in IDP sites, the lack of viable space due to insecurity remains a critical obstacle that Shelter partners are attempting to address through advocacy and negotiations with the Nigerian authorities.

Food insecurity remains a major concern with 5.2 million people in need of life-saving assistance. To date, the sector has been able to reach 3.4 million of the targeted 5.1 million. The current response, paired with the ongoing governmental intervention in the north-east, is preventing the worst from happening, especially as some 220,000 farming households have received supplies (seeds, tools and fertilizers) to restart their livelihood activities, taking advantage of the lean season. A new food security and nutrition analysis for north-east Nigeria will be performed in October under the Cadre Harmonise framework to provide a better understanding of the current situation as well as projections for following months.

In July a significant spike in security incidents was recorded; about a dozen villages across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe were attacked by insurgents, posing grave protection concerns. Additionally, suicide bombings are becoming more frequent and humanitarian organizations are increasingly concerned by the fact that many are taking place in IDP sites. Notably, a double suicide bombing killed a dozen people in Maiduguri on 24 July, and another double attack killed some 20 people on 28 July in Dikwa. Dozens more were severely injured. Aid groups fear that this surge in attacks in IDP camps is likely to continue, especially outside of the Maiduguri: the large presence Nigerian Security Forces in and around the Borno State capital is pushing non-state armed actors to attack areas with less security enforcement presence. The Protection Sector is liaising and advocating with relevant governmental entities to increase security in and around IDP camps.

Many sectors are on track to meet the targets laid out in the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan. However, to improve the overall performance of the response over the coming weeks, humanitarian partners will focus on two key priorities: A/ improving last-mile access to the most vulnerable despite the challenges posed by the ongoing violence and by the onset of the rainy season, and B/ improving coordination at the Local Government Area (LGA) level. Advocacy and resource mobilisation will also be crucial factors in scaling up the response of certain sectors, such as Health, Education, and Response and Recovery Planning, which are pivotal to kick­starting the transition out of the emergency phase in north-east Nigeria.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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