Nigeria

Nigeria Weekly Humanitarian Situation Report No. 16, 15-21 December 2016

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Highlights

  • 153,936 children under 5 with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have been admitted to therapeutic feeding programmes with a recovery rate of 86 per cent.

  • In 2016, so far, 4.06 million people have been reached with primary health care services through UNICEF-supported, Government-run health centres and clinics in both IDP camps and affected communities.

  • With UNICEF support, 722,997 people have access to safe water. Over one million people have access to sanitation facilities as per agreed standards and more than one million people benefitted through hygiene promotion and distribution of hygiene kits/NFI.

  • Psychosocial support through Child Friendly Spaces (CFSs) and child clubs, reached 183,180 children.

  • With UNICEF’s support, 102,456 children are accessing education through Temporary Learning Spaces and schools, and 187,142 children have benefitted from the provision of learning materials.

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) round XIII recorded new displacement and significant return, with and overall three per cent decrease in IDPs in Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, and Yobe states. The trend of IDPs returning to their Local Government Areas (LGAs) of origin is mainly due to relative improvements in security combined with food shortages in IDP camps.

Other places with a decrease in IDPs are witnessed in Bama, Gwoza, Jere and Konduga. In Gwoza, 14,368 IDPs have left, reportedly due to lack of food. IDPs are moving towards Maiduguri to access aid in IDP camps there. This trend highlights the need for an intensified humanitarian action in Gwoza.

Maiduguri Metropolitan Council (MMC), the largest host of IDPs witnessed almost 10% reduction in the number of IDPs with 55,188 IDPs left MMC to return to their LGA of origin, registering an increase in IDPs in those areas. The DTM assessment registered them as ‘returnees’; however, the majority are not returning to their place of origin but rather to the LGA headquarters, creating a situation of secondary displacement. The areas where people are returning to are in need of additional support and intensified humanitarian aid. The returns may exacerbate other issues, including conflicts and an increase people’s vulnerability, especially sincethis is not a return to their place of origin. The Borno State Protection Sector Working Group has identified this as an issue in Borno and recently established a sub-working group of Housing, Land and Property. UNICEF is continuing to respond to needs in the returnee areas as scale-up response.

Food and nutrition insecurity has reached extreme levels in parts of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe with 5.1 million people in IPC Phases 3 to 5, an increase of 50 per cent severely food insecure since March 2016. In the worst affected and least accessible areas of Borno and Yobe severe forms of hunger and even famine-like conditions were reported. 66 per cent of IDPs report food as their most unmet need (IOM, DTM Round XIII).

Protection issues remain a major concern. Sexual abuse and exploitations (SEA) is reported on rise, including in temporary IDP sites in Maiduguri. Vulnerability screening by UNHCR found that 56 percent of gender-based violence (GBV) cases in North East Nigeria were associated with survival sex. The government has launched an investigation into the alleged SEA cases.