Nigeria

Nigeria Weekly Humanitarian Situation Report No. 13, 24 – 30 November 2016

Attachments

Highlights:

  • Nearly 5.1 million people face acute food insecurity in north east Nigeria. If humanitarian assistance is not provided, an estimated 400,000 children will suffer from severe acute malnutrition over the next 12 months across the states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe.

  • The upcoming Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 targets 6.9 million people living in the three most affected states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, who require immediate, life-saving assistance.

  • 136,387 children under 5 with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have been admitted to therapeutic feeding programmes with a recovery rate of 86 per cent.

  • In 2016, so far, 3.55 million people have been reached with primary health care services through UNICEF-supported, Government-run health centres and clinics in IDP camps and affected communities.

  • Under the scale-up plan, UNICEF support has reached 405,365 people with access to safe water, 604,217 people with improved sanitation facilities, and 557,407 people with hygiene promotion activities.

  • 70,370 children have been reached with psychosocial support through the scale-up plan, 4,270 children and women associated with armed conflict and victims of SGBV have received reintegration support, and 4,428 unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) have been supported through case management and alternative care arrangements.

  • With UNICEF’s support, 95,621 children are accessing education through Temporary Learning Spaces and schools, and 170,302 children have benefitted from the provision of learning materials.

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

With an estimated 13 million people in areas affected by Boko haram violence, Nigeria’s north-east continues to face a complex and extremely challenging humanitarian situation. As more areas become accessible to humanitarian partners, critical life-saving assistance is reaching the most vulnerable populations. In newly accessible areas, both internally displaced persons (IDPs) and vulnerable impoverished host communities are in dire need of assistance including food, nutrition, water, sanitation, protection, education and health services.

The latest Cadre Harmonisé, a food security report, estimates that there are 5.1 million people living in conditions between Crisis (Phase 3) levels in which at least 20% of households have significant food consumption gaps or are only somewhat able to meet basic food needs with irreversible coping strategies, and Famine (Phase 5), in which at least 20 per cent of households face extreme food consumption gaps, resulting in very high levels of acute malnutrition and excess mortality (FEWSNET 2016). If timely humanitarian assistance is not provided, an estimated 450,000 children will suffer from severe acute malnutrition over the next 12 months across the states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe; with 244,000 severely malnourished children in Borno state alone.

Intensified fighting in northern areas has resulted in new population displacements. Nearly 17,000 people were displaced to Nganzai LGA joining an existing 5,000 displaced people, in dire need of access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene. In previous weeks, UNICEF dispatched hygiene kits and chlorine for water purification, and is mobilising cluster partners for additional support.

In the three most directly affected states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe, 8.5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, with 1.7 million IDPs, including nearly 1 million children. In an area already economically deprived with extreme poverty and underdevelopment, more than 78 per cent of IDPs are living among host communities (IOM, October 2016).

The upcoming Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 will target the 6.9 million people living in the three most affected states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, who require immediate life-saving assistance. Of these, 1.7 million are IDPs living in camps, informal settlements and host communities with 75,000 children at risk of severe acute malnutrition. In line with the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan, UNICEF’s focus remains on these three states to provide critical life-saving humanitarian assistance to nearly 4 million people in Nutrition, Health, WASH, Child Protection and Education sectors.