Nigeria Situation: UNHCR Regional Update (1 - 30 April 2018)
Nigerian refugees displaced by the insurgency in Cameroon, Chad and Niger as of 30 April 2018 (or latest figures available).
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the region displaced by the insurgency (or latest figures available)
USD 161.1 M
requested for the Nigeria situation (Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria, including support costs)
Funding gap 89%
HIGHLIGHTS AND OPERATIONAL CONTEXT
- Security: Ongoing attacks continued to affect Nigeria’s north-east, limiting freedom of movement and livelihoods opportunities, thereby prolonging dependence on humanitarian aid for a substantial proportion of the civilian population. IDPs and refugee returnees continued to face grave protection risks which included the use of negative coping mechanisms, arbitrary and extended detention, family separation and various forms of attacks.
Although the number of security incidents has seen an overall decline since December 2017, the range of attacks undertaken by Boko Haram in the first few months of 2018 has indicated that the group has retained considerable capacity. In Cameroon, security conditions in the Far North remained volatile. Boko Haram targeted military bases in the Logone-et-Chari department and military personnel were ambushed. In parallel, the insurgent group continued to steal cattle, pillage homes and shops and set fire to private properties. Despite increased Cameroonian military presence on the border, cross-border attacks persisted throughout the month. On the Lake Chad islands the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) launched operation ‘Amni Farkhat’ on 5 April; it will last for 3 months. Populations in Chad and in Niger are expected to be displaced by these operations. In Chad, Security and Defense Forces reported a fragmentation of the insurgent group and recurrent attacks on the island villages. In Niger on 29 April, a terrorist attack against a military position on the Diffa-N’Guigmi axis 50 km northeast of Diffa took place. It is reported that 60 armed men attacked the position, stole 6 vehicles and killed three soldiers in the process. Elsewhere in the Diffa region, isolated terrorist and criminal acts continued to be reported.
In Cameroon, cross-border incursions and attacks perpetrated along the Nigerian border and within Cameroonian territory continued to displace populations (see March update). Over 5,500 new refugee arrivals have been registered since the beginning of the year.
On 20 April, UNHCR issued a press release expressing its concern at the recent incidents of refoulement in the Far North region of Cameroon. A total of 385 Nigerian refugees have been forcibly sent back to Nigeria since the beginning of the year.
In Niger, following the visit of the Special Rapporteur on IDPs in March, a workshop for members of the Interagency Coordination Committee on the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement was facilitated by the Legal Advisor to the Special Rapporteur to analyse how these principles can be applied to the Diffa context. The GP20 Plan was presented on the occasion. Among the recommendations that stemmed from the session are the following: translating and disseminating the principles in the local language, contextualising the GP20 Plan in the Diffa context and disseminating a number of pre-existing scenarios with their respective principles to improve advocacy with authorities.