Nigeria: Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) Year-End Report, January - December 2017
Given the protracted nature of the crisis coupled with limited access to basic services, most women residing in IDPs camps and host communities endure domestic violence, including physical and sexual assault and often remain with their husband as a result of cultural beliefs that dictate submissive behavior for women. Other forms of SGBV, such as child marriage are prevalent in all camps and there tends to be a common response to such violence. Elders and community leaders prefer using the Sharia Law rather than the formal judicial system to address SGBV incidents, even in areas where a formal judicial system is in place. As a result, justice is delivered by agreement between the perpetrator’s and survivor’s family.
Assessments conducted in the Banki, Damasak and Ngala revealed that availability of medical services for SGBV survivors is largely dependent on the international community especially in terms of service delivery, drugs, supplies and equipment resulting in limited medical response to SGBV survivals among the displaced populations. Medical personnel are neither trained in Clinical Management of Rape (CMR) nor are there post-rape treatment drugs.
From January to December 2017, a total number of 1,639 survivors and those at risk of SGBV were referred to access specialised services including psychosocial counselling, medical care, legal and safety and security services. Out of these, 156 survivors accessed case management services and 226 benefited from legal assistance through UNHCR’s Access to Justice project implemented in Northeast by the Nigerian Bar Association (NBA). Additional engagements were established with the International Federation of Women Lawyers (FIDA) and Legal Aid to expand access to justice and promote protection and preservation of the rights of women and children in Adamawa State. Through this initiative, 109 SGBV perpetrators were arrested with 58 convicted and others on trial stage in Adamawa and Borno States.
In March 2017, the UNHCR in partnership with IRC rolled out the Adolescent pilot project in Bakassi and NYSC camps. The project aimed at empowering displaced adolescents girls to better protect themselves through fostering peer support groups/networks, mentorship and working with parents on SGBV and reproductive Health. Through this project, adolescent girls, their parents and mentors continued to reinforce existing strategies to prevent and respond to SGBV as well as addressing early marriage among children, adolescent and youth. A total of 6 groups on “Girls in Focus” were facilitated for adolescent girls and parents in three locations (2 in each location), namely NYSC, Bakassi Camp, and Jiddari host community in MMC & Jere LGAs. Each of the 6 groups conducted 24 sessions for a total of 144 sessions.
A series of capacity building initiatives were undertake targeting 476 individuals including UNHCR staff implementing partners, immigration officers, military and the Civilian Joint Taskforce.
Guidelines on distribution of sanitary materials and dignity kits to displaced women and girls in Northeast Nigeria was developed. In addition, the guideline contains standard kits for different target groups. 10,964 women and girls of reproductive age group living in camps in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States benefited from the distribution of sanitary materials as part of the emergency response. The kits comprised of basic necessities that displaced women and girls require to maintain feminine hygiene, dignity and respect in their daily lives, as well as other items aiming at reinforcing their protection (solar lights).