Nigeria: North-East Floods Situation Report No. 1 (as of 24 August 2019)

Situation Report
Originally published


This report is produced by OCHA Nigeria in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from 7 to 24 August 2019.


• An estimated 8,875 households (HH) have been affected by torrential rains and flash floods across Borno and Yobe states. Heavy rains have also hit Adamawa State and the number of affected households is being assessed.

• An estimated 7,347 emergency shelters and makeshift shelters have been partially damaged or destroyed, while some others were inundated in some IDP camps and host communities in Borno and Yobe States.

• In total, 405 WASH facilities have been damaged or destroyed in Borno State.

• Most of the affected households in Yobe state are hosted by relatives and friends in the affected areas, but 305 are sheltered in schools or government buildings and need to be relocated as quickly as possible.

• The majority of people affected require emergency shelter and household supplies; water, sanitation and hygiene services; food, health, vector control and draining of stagnant water.

• The risk of further heavy rainfall and floods remains high in 64 LGAs across the BAY states until the end of September.

• Needs assessments, emergency actions and preventive measures are ongoing across the BAY states, with aid actors pumping water out in flooded camps and distributing sand bags to households at risk.

• Further emergency response and contingency measures are urgently needed in the 64 at risk LGAs.


Torrential rainfalls and flash floods hitting the BAY states have a devastating impact on thousands of people in IDPs camps and host communities.

The risk of further heavy rainfall and floods remains high in 64 LGAs across the BAY states until the end of September.

New downpour may exacerbate the situation in many IDP camps already severely hit by the bad weather conditions and result in higher risks of disease outbreaks.

Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NiMet) yearly Seasonal Rainfall Predictions extrapolated that 2019 would likely see lower-than-normal to normal rainfall over most parts of Nigeria, but isolated flash floods were to be expected due to the high intensity of the rainfalls at the peak of the season, especially in places that are naturally prone to flooding. Camps for displaced persons are particularly vulnerable to this risk and the limited availability of land to build camps exacerbates this risk.

Authorities, Nigerian emergency agencies and humanitarian partners are currently responding to zthe urgent needs caused by the harsh weather conditions. The response consists of pumping water out of flooded areas, relocating affected families and supporting them with shelter, food and NFIs. Preventive measures are also reinforced with sand bags, water pumps, shovels and other tools being distributed in at risk areas.

Swift actions are further required to meet the urgent needs in shelter, NFIs and food of people affected by the floods and host communities. The 305 households sheltered in schools in Yobe State and the thousand households sheltered in schools and government buildings in Borno State will need to be relocated. Damaged shelters and non-functioning latrines need to be rehabilitated and many of the affected camps need sanitation services, drainage of stagnant water and vector control activities.

Cholera mitigation measures are urgently needed to prevent cholera outbreak. Aid actors also need to mitigate protection risks, especially increased risks of sexual and gender-based violence.

The 2019 contingency plan estimated that, between May and September, 53,909 households in camps and host communities were vulnerable to risks of floods in the BAY states (4,893 in Adamawa, 41,297 in Borno and 7,723 in Yobe).

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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