According to IOM’s DTM Round VI report (October, 2015), there are an estimated 1. 87 million IDPs as a result of the insurgency located in the three North East states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa (including close to 1.1 million children). This presents a 5% decrease in the total number of displaced people due to the insurgency when compared to the numbers of displaced people reported in August 2015.
As of 5th November, there has been a total of 949 cases of cholera with 17 deaths and a case fatality rate (CFR) of 1. 8% recorded since the 7th October. There has been a steady increase in the proportion of cases located in surrounding communities – 54% of all cases compared to 33% previously reported.
56,737 children have been reached with psychosocial support services in 147 communities and 22 IDP camps in the three North East states affected by the crisis, through a network of 474 trained community volunteers.
An additional 213 unaccompanied and separated children (119 boys, 112 girls) have been identified, bringing the total number of unaccompanied and separated children whose cases are being managed by a team of social workers and case workers trained on child protection case management to 1,392 across the three states.
The efforts made during the Back to School campaigns in Yobe and Borno states are yielding appreciated results. As a result of these campaigns that started at the end of September 2015, a total of 170,432 children (85,634 girls and 94,798 boys) previously out of school have now been enrolled.
From January to September 2015, 51,860 children under five with SAM were newly admitted for treatment in the states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe and 214,917 children were screened with MUAC in IDP camps and host communities. Systematic screening is conducted in IDP camps once every week. The proportion of children found with severe acute malnutrition among screened children in IDP camps is 3. 2 %, which is similar to the overall estimates in the host community.
As of 30 September 2015, UNICEF has received around $14. 8 million USD against its 2015 HAC requirements of $ 26. 5 million USD (56% of total requirements); with a funding gap of 44% remaining.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
Since 2011, the population of the North East of Nigeria has been affected by the insurgency between Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati wal-Jihad, commonly known as ‘Boko Haram’, and governmental forces. The government declared a State of Emergency (SoE) on 14 May 2013 in the three North Eastern states of Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa and imposed curfews. The Senate has not yet formally extended the State of Emergency from November 2014 onwards.
According to IOM’s DTM Round VI report (October, 2015), there are an estimated 1.87 million IDPs as a result of the insurgency located in the three North East states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa representing a 5% decrease in the total number of displaced people due to the insurgency as compared to compared to numbers of displaced persons reported August 2015 through the DTM. There is also some decrease in the number of IDPs related to the insurgency in Borno state (3%) and more significantly in Yobe state (26%). In Adamawa state, however, there has been a 4% increase in IDPs. The decrease in Borno and is largely due to the military liberating some Local Government Areas, including Askira, Uba and Gwoza, with some IDPs deciding to return home. In Yobe, the decrease is due to the return of IDPs back to the Tarmuwa LGA, from where they were displaced after attacks by insurgents and the increase in Adamawa is due to some refugees being repatriated from Cameroon and Central African Republic as well as mass displacement following insurgent attacks in Madagali LGA.
There are also 320,365 IDP returns in Adamawa, up from 262,324 IDPs reported in August. Ninety-two percent of the IDP population live in host communities with the remaining 8 percent living in camps. Children make up 57.4 percent of the IDP population with 28 percent being children of 5 years old or younger.
The number of IDPs in Gubio Camp has doubled to 10,700 IDPs in the past two months due to the relocation of 5,430 IDPs by the state government of Borno from Yola in Adamawa state and the spontaneous movement of 1,000 IDPs from Baga in Borno state. In Adamawa, the number of IDPs located in the 5 formal camps has decreased from 10,377 to 7,618 people as a result of the return of IDPs to their respective communities, organized by the state government.
The cholera outbreak in Maiduguri in Borno state has affected 10 IDP camps and some communities in the surrounding areas. The number of camps affected by the outbreak has doubled since the last situation report. As of 5th November, there has been a total of 949 cases with 17 deaths and a case fatality rate (CFR) of 1. 8% recorded since the 7th October.
While there has been a reduction in the number of cases, there has been a steady increase in the proportion of cases located in surrounding communities – 54% of all cases compared to 33% previously reported. With the reduction in cases, the government has recommended the closure of the Cholera Treatment Centre (CTC) so the bed space can be used to accommodate other referrals. Case management will be focused at clinic level and efforts to contain the outbreak concentrated on community mobilization, hygiene promotion and active surveillance in IDP camps and surrounding communities.
The Borno state High Powered Committee (HPC) that leads the effort to reopen public schools closed for over a year, intends to relocate IDPs in 9 schools (7 secondary and 2 primary) within Maiduguri. Over 55,000 IDPs will be moved to camps that have been identified with the space to accommodate more people. These IDP camps include, Bakasi, Dalori, Teacher’s Village, Farm Centre and Bocolis. The HPC has requested additional support for the relocation of IDPs from humanitarian partners on the ground. The provisions of adequate infrastructure and basic services is urgently needed in camps receiving additional IDPs.
Preliminary findings of the multisector rapid assessment conducted from 7-14th September in Yobe and Borno states by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) with the support of UNICEF were presented to humanitarian partners through their respective sectors. The findings have been used to contribute to the 2016 Nigeria Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) and Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP). The full assessment report will be finalized following the HNO/HRP process.