Nigeria

Nigeria Humanitarian Sitrep No.2 - 16-31 January 2017

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Highlights

  • In 2017, UNICEF is requesting US$ 146.9 million to reach more than four million people, including 2.1 million children. Funds available amounts to US$ 38.8 million representing a 74 per cent funding gap.

  • In January 2017, more than 6,700 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) were treated in the 2 north eastern States.

  • Emergency PHC services reached 419,397 people in the three most affected States in the Northeast; and a total of 3.3 million children were immunized against Measles in Borno (2.6 million), Yobe (over 535,000) and Adamawa (176,000).

  • A total of 11,260 people gained access to safe water and 20,795 people accessed improved sanitation facilities.

  • Psychosocial support was provided to 9,749 conflict affected children, while 500 unaccompanied and separated children and 260 children and women associated with armed groups or victims of SGBV received specialised services.

  • A total of 118,500 children were enrolled and gained access to education in a safe learning environment, and 2,500 children benefitted from learning materials.

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

In December 2016, the IOM’s Data Tracking Mechanism (DTM), Round XIII reported that 1.6 million people remain internally displaced, of whom 55 per cent are children, including 8.2 per cent being infants under one year old. Despite a relatively improved security conditions in newly accessible areas, 76 per cent of IDPs do not want to return to their homes unless their security can be guaranteed. The provision of basic services has been profoundly disrupted by the conflict as public infrastructures have been destroyed and public servants have left to take refuge in safer areas. Massive rehabilitation and reconstruction work is required to repair destroyed or damaged homes, hospitals and schools, to make IDP returns sustainable.

According to Fewsnet, populations in isolated and inaccessible areas of Northeast Nigeria may be facing an extreme food security situation (IPC Phase 5). Ongoing humanitarian interventions are preventing a severe food situation in IDP camps and host communities, but remain insufficient and outpaced by the scale of needs in Borno State, including in the newly accessible areas. In 2017, the risk of famine (IPC Phase 5) will remain high in inaccessible areas of Borno State.

On Education, one of the priority areas that the State Universal Basic Education Board (SUBEB) and communities have identified is to address basic school infrastructure to enable resumption of formal schooling, particularly in newly accessible and return areas.

In the recently accessible areas, such as Dikwa, Damboa, Konduga, Mafa, Bama and Monguno, schools have insufficient classrooms and learning materials; limited teaching staff is also a critical challenge. IDPs and returnee children have been out of school and deprived of access to education for more than three years.