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Nigeria Humanitarian Sitrep No. 21, 16-30 November 2017

Situation Report
Originally published



• During the reporting period, a total of 2,659 new arrivals were registered in 15 LGAs in Borno and 4 LGAs in Adamawa increasing the pressure on the delivery of humanitarian services in the IDP settlements.

• Cases of Hepatitis E in Borno since week 8 totalled 1,376, with 62 new cases during the reporting period. The current spread has been localized to Rann, Kala Balge.

• A total of 189,242 children with SAM, representing 86% of the planned target, were admitted since the beginning of 2017 with 10,437 children admitted for treatment within the reporting period.

• Access to safe water has been provided to 564,546 people since the beginning of 2017, of whom 3,476 were reached during this reporting period in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States.

• UNICEF and implementing partners continue to provide critical child protection services to 193,455 children, adolescents and caregivers affected by the protracted crisis since the beginning of 2017, out of which 183,450 boys and girls benefit from psychosocial support • A total number of 127,458 boys and girls were enrolled in safe learning spaces while 137,816 school aged children received learning materials and school bags during the reporting period.

8.5 million
Projected number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in the northeast states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe for 2017 (Humanitarian Response Plan, 2017)

1.6 million
IDPs in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states, over 56 per cent are children (DTM Round XIX, October 2017)

4.4 million
Children in need of humanitarian assistance (HAC 2017)

UNICEF Appeal 2017
US$ 146.9 million
*Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC), does not include inaccessible areas of Borno

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

The IOM DTM Round XIX (October 2017) estimates that a total of 1.57 million people remain internally displaced across the three north east states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, of whom 85 per cent are in Borno alone. This represents a decrease of about 3 per cent as compared to Round XVIII (August 2017). The reduction is explained by the movement of people to the newly accessible areas in Borno State. Children represent 56 per cent of the total IDP population.

During the reporting period, a total of 2,659 new arrivals were registered in 15 LGAs in Borno and 4 LGAs in Adamawa while 212 persons moved away from 4 LGAs in Borno (IOM DTM ETT Report: No. 41; No.42). These ongoing arrivals are increasing the pressure on the delivery of humanitarian services in the IDP settlements in terms of shelter, health and nutrition, provision of food and access to sanitation. With the upcoming dry season and improved road access, it is expected that hostilities will intensify leading to increased population displacement.

The number of cholera cases continued to decrease during the reporting period and as of 30th November 2017, the total number of confirmed and suspected cholera cases reached 5,357, with 61 deaths (CFR = 1.1 per cent): 2,692 cases in the Muna corridor (Jere LGA); 1,758 cases in Monguno and 93 cases in Guzamala. The total number of cases reported in Borno in the last week of this reporting period is 10 with all the cases coming from Guzamala. UNICEF and RUWASSA Rapid Response Teams were deployed to the newly affected village in Guzamala. For the seventh week, no cases have been reported from Dikwa, Mafa and MMC LGAs, nevertheless, UNICEF and WASH actors will continue with the cholera prevention response until the official declaration of the end of the cholera epidemic A total of 62 new cases of suspected Hepatitis E (HEV) was reported from Rann, Kala/Balge LGA in week 47. So far 1,376 suspected HEV cases were reported across 18 LGAs of the state with the majority of cases reported from Ngala (794), Kala/Balge (314), Mobbar (84) and Monguno (93). All current cases have been localized to Rann. UNICEF and partners are currently responding to contain the outbreak.

The preliminary report of the Joint Education Needs Assessment (JENA) revealed that 26 per cent of the 312 assessed schools had 80-160 learners per classroom. More than 30 per cent of schools had no toilets or latrines with only 35 per cent of schools having access to adequate safe drinking water. The report also noted that 50 per cent of the learners in the sampled schools sit on the floor due to lack of school furniture. Key informant interviews indicated that about 80 per cent of teachers regularly come to work and teach classes in the low and medium security LGAs, with primary schools in medium security areas being the lowest at 79 per cent. This drops significantly to only 71 per cent in primary schools and 73 per cent in Junior Secondary Schools for the high security areas. Non-payment of teachers’ salaries and poor work conditions such as lack of teaching materials were identified as the greatest challenges leading to poor motivation and absenteeism.