This Annual Report presents information on the achievements of the Nigeria Humanitarian Fund during the 2018 calendar year. However, because grant allocation, project implementation and reporting processes often take place over multiple years (CBPFs are designed to support ongoing and evolving humanitarian responses), the achievement of CBPFs are reported in two distinct ways:
Information on allocations granted in 2018 (shown in blue). This method considers intended impact of the allocations rather than achieved results as project implementation and reporting often continues into the subsequent year and results information is not immediately available at the time of publication of annual reports.
Results reported in 2018 attributed to allocations granted in 2018 and prior years (shown in orange). This method provides a more complete picture of achievements during a given calendar year but includes results from allocations that were granted in previous years. This data is extracted from final narrative reports approved between 1 January 2018 – 31 January 2019.
Figures for people targeted and reached may include double counting as individuals often receive aid from multiple sectors.
In 2018, the crisis in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) states entered its tenth year and remained one of the most severe in the world. At the outset of 2018, an estimated 7.7 million women, men, girls and boys were in acute need of protection and assistance, including 1.6 million internally displaced people (IDPs), while human rights violations and insecurity persisted in the context of the ongoing conflict. Food security and nutrition remained extremely concerning in Borno State, many of the affected people remained dependent on food assistance, while the ongoing hostilities restricted livelihoods opportunities and land cultivation.
The 2018 Nigeria Humanitarian Response Plan appealed for $1.05 billion to target 6.1 million affected people.
By the end of 2018, the number of displaced people had risen from 1.6 million to 1.8 million people—a year characterized by waves of displacement, mainly a result of people fleeing the intense military counter-insurgency operations against non-state armed groups (NSAG). Altogether, some 214,000 people were displaced, mainly women and children, with an average of 4,500 arriving per month. Many passed through reception centers and were able to access multi-sector humanitarian assistance while others received assistance in camps and host communities.
These new arrivals added to the already high numbers of people who had fled their homes and by the end of 2018, it was estimated that over 40 IDP sites across 12 LGAs in Borno State were in “high congestion” status, where many people had no immediate access to shelter and thousands were forced to sleep outside. These movements presented major humanitarian challenges as resources were already overstretched in camp and camp-like settings.
Malnutrition rates among children and women arriving from inaccessible areas were worryingly high, at 34 per cent suffering Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) and 55 per cent suffering Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM). Overall, the nutrition situation in the BAY states had been steadily deteriorating since the onset of the crisis. In 2018, 2.7 million children and women were in need of immediate nutrition services. Conflict continued to have a direct impact on people’s nutrition status, exacerbated by weak health infrastructure, poor infant and young child feeding practices, poor hygiene conditions and food insecurity.
The BAY states remained highly endemic to diseases, with two-thirds of health facilities damaged in the conflict. This limited access to essential health care, and also vulnerabilities related to displacement and congested living conditions. The situation was further exacerbated by unsafe water, inadequate hygiene and sanitation services—women and children were particularly susceptible to disease outbreaks, including cholera. In 2018, the worst cholera outbreak in ten years affected 18 LGAs in the BAY states with a total of 10,571 cases.
Since 2009, the crisis has had severe consequences on the education system. 611 teachers have been killed during the conflict and 19,000 displaced. 910 schools have been destroyed and 1,500 schools were forced to close. By the end of 2018, an estimated 900,000 children have lost access to learning while 75 per cent of those in camps do not attend school. In Borno State, some 70 per cent of girls of primary school age are out of school, while the state has the lowest literacy rates at only 35 per cent of female and 46 per cent of male among adolescents.
Humanitarian Response Plan 2018
The humanitarian situation in Nigeria at a glance:
- 7.7M People in need
- 6.1M People targeted
- $1.05B Funding requirement
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.