Nigeria

Nigeria Humanitarian Fund | Allocation Strategy | 1st Reserve Allocation 2018

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THE NIGERIA HUMANITARIAN FUND

The Nigeria Humanitarian Fund (NHF) was launched by the United Nations (UN) Under-Secretary- General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator during the Oslo Humanitarian Conference on Nigeria and the Lake Chad Region on 24 February 2017. The NHF is a Country-Based Pooled Fund (CBPF) that is managed4 by a Humanitarian Financing Unit (HFU) of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) based in Maiduguri, on behalf of the United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) for Nigeria. It has a vital role in ensuring an effective, coordinated, prioritized and principled humanitarian response in Nigeria. The overall objectives guiding this and future NHF allocations, include:

• Support principled, prioritized life-saving assistance.
• Strengthen coordination and leadership through the function of the Humanitarian Coordinator and the sector coordination system, promoting synergies and multi-sectoral responses.
• Expand assistance to hard-to-reach areas through frontline responders and enabling activities.
• Leverage the Nigerian private sector in support of humanitarian response.

1st RESERVE ALLOCATION 2018

On 31 January 2018, the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, supported by the NHF Advisory Board, requested the urgent launch of a NHF Reserve Allocation by following the ‘emergency response window’ modality in order to address prioritized humanitarian needs of highly vulnerable populations in Pulka, the Monguno Axis (totaling US$ 10,000,000.00) and to ensure the continuation of humanitarian air services for frontline responders and critically vital humanitarian projects in north-east Nigeria (totaling US$ 2,000,000.00). This reserve allocation is aiming to address prioritized humanitarian needs in prioritized geographic locations where projects carried out by already present humanitarian organizations would need to be either discontinued, or cannot be scaled up to address significantly increased humanitarian needs due to lack of monetary support. The NHF is allocating a maximum total amount of US$ 12,000,000.00 to be allocated through a noncompetitive
process, subject to technical/financial review of all proposals by the NHF and the respective sector in order to ensure quality and compliance, prior to final endorsement of grant agreements by the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Nigeria.
This allocation is supporting the most critical elements of the humanitarian operation envisaged by the 2018 HRP, is closely aligned to 2018 HRP strategic objectives and therefore responds to life-saving humanitarian needs in Nigeria. This allocation will contribute to the achievement of the following HRP objective:

Strategic Objective 1: Provide life-saving emergency assistance to the most vulnerable people in conflict-affected areas ensuring that assistance is timely and appropriate and meets relevant technical standards.

HUMANITARIAN CONTEXT

  • 1. The humanitarian crisis in Nigeria’s north-east and the Lake Chad region is one of the most severe in the world today with 6.1m people requiring urgent humanitarian assistance in 2018.
  • 2. Now in its 9th year, the crisis has largely been triggered by a regionalized armed conflict that has caused untold loss of life and liberty across northeastern Nigeria and parts of Niger, Chad and Cameroon. Civilians continue to bear the brunt of a conflict that has led to widespread forced displacement, violations of international humanitarian and human rights law, severe protection concerns and a food and nutrition crisis of massive proportions.
  • 3. According to Emergency Tracking Tool reports issued by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and additional assessments conducted by international non-governmental organizations (NGOs), an estimated 50,000 people have been displaced in eastern Borno State and northern Adamawa State for reasons including insecurity, or the threat of insecurity, between November 2017 and January 2018.
  • 4. This new displacement level coincides with an upsurge in military operations against non-state armed groups (NSAGs) primarily in the northern and eastern local government areas (LGAs) of Borno state, as well as related insecurity in the exterior areas surrounding the Monguno-Maiduguri Axis.
  • 5. Areas that have been most affected along the axis from Maiduguri to Monguno are in Tungushe, Tungushe Ngor, Gajigana, Gajiram and Gasarwa towns. Gwoza LGA has been especially affected due to its proximity to the Sambisa Forest, and has received nearly 10,000 new arrivals within a short period of time. The ‘Wege Arrival Centre’ in Pulka town has an estimated 5,500 individuals8 who are in urgent need of humanitarian services and assistance.
  • 6. Thousands of the displaced women, children and men originate from areas that are considered largely ‘inaccessible’ by international humanitarian organizations. As a result, these individuals have not had access to essential services and are arriving in dire need of emergency aid including food, water, shelter, blankets, clothes and medicine. Further displacements are expected to occur as military operations and hostilities continue.
  • 7. NHF and Sector Partners working through the Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) and the Operational Inter-Sector Working Group (OISWG) have scaled up programming in these areas with Food Security, Health, WASH, Nutrition, NFI/Shelter and Protection services, mainly for new arrivals. Additionally, partners have responded through flexible programming in order to address immediate needs of the new arrivals. In December 2017 an OISWG mission took place in Tungushe, Tungushe Ngor and Gajigana to assess criteria for an overall response strategy and to streamline the handover processes from RRM to regular sector programming. The assessments concluded that further scale up of services is needed in order to meet the needs of all the vulnerable people, including host populations.
  • 8. Pulka Town, Gwoza LGA: Since October 2017, there have been three (3) substantive military campaigns resulting in largescale displacement of populations in the east LGAs of Borno State and northern Adamawa State. Latest IOM this axis are estimated to be in excess of 70,000,11 further indicating that an increase is likely if insecurity continues.
    1. Monguno Axis: Resulting from military campaigns and related insecurity, areas that have been most affected are along the axis from Maiduguri to Monguno, namely in Tungushe, Tungushe Ngor,
      Gajigana, Gajiram and Gasarwa towns. While biometric verification through IOM DTM/ETT teams has not been completed in all locations that experienced an upsurge in population displacement, partners estimate that 25,00010 individuals have been displaced in recent months.
      Displaced populations report that many more individuals will come from surrounding villages, while population figures from inaccessible areas along this axis are estimated to be in excess of 70,000, further indicating that an increase is likely if insecurity continues. Gajigana - partners estimate that there are 10,000 displaced individuals with a host community of 7,000, totalling 17,000.
      Gajiram - partners estimate that there are 3,500 displaced individuals with a host community of 11,250, totalling 14,750.
      Tungushe - partners estimate that there are 3,900 displaced individuals with a host community of 9,700, totalling 13,600.
      Tungushe Ngor - partners estimate that there are 2,400 displaced individuals with a host community of 1,600 totalling 4,000.
      Gasarwa - partners estimate that there are 5,600 displaced individuals.
    1. Humanitarian Air Services: Despite the scale-up of humanitarian operations in North-East Nigeria, the ability of humanitarian organizations to reach conflict-affected people with timely humanitarian assistance remains severely constrained particularly outside large towns. While humanitarian agencies organizations provide urgently required assistance to affected populations, especially in newly accessible areas, there has been no notable improvement in the context that necessitated UNHAS to operate in Nigeria. Road insecurity, reliance on military escorts and sporadic attacks continue to hamper access to beneficiaries.
      In addition, the schedule reliability of viable commercial airlines remains inconsistent.
    1. The need for air services has increased following the expansion of humanitarian activities in the North-East. The number of passengers using the rotary wing service has almost tripled in 2017, increasing from 1,222 passengers in January to 3,248 in September 2017. The rate of growth in terms of both passenger and cargo movement by air, in addition to new organizations utilizing the service, is expected to continue as urgent interventions throughout all humanitarian sectors within newly accessible areas are implemented. UNHAS flights have enabled all organizations to overcome logistical bottlenecks and significantly increase the scale of their responses, thus reaching larger parts of the affected population.
    1. The establishment of UNHAS in response to the humanitarian crisis in the country’s North-East has allowed the humanitarian community (92 organizations) to effectively implement and monitor their projects and to scale up relief activities to assist affected populations. The operational base of the fixed wing aircraft is in Nigeria’s capital Abuja, with regular scheduled flights to the north eastern cities of Yola and Maiduguri. Since UNHAS Nigeria operated its first fixed wing flight on 17 August 2015, until 30 September 2017, the service transported 27,025 passengers and 85,906 kg of humanitarian cargo for a total of 88 organizations. Since the introduction of rotary wing flights on 7 July 2016 until 30 September 2017, UNHAS moved 23,891 passengers and 93,147 kg of vital light cargo such as medical supplies and vaccines for 40 organizations.
    1. The helicopter operation constitutes a highly critical component of the access strategy in North-East Nigeria as some towns outside Maiduguri can only be accessed by road with armed escorts. LGA headquarters locations such as Banki, Gwoza, Pulka, Ngala, Rann, Damasak and Baga are very difficult to access by surface transport due to high security risks. Furthermore, road convoy restrictions limit the amount of time missions can spend on the ground. This situation has been immensely improved since rotary wing transportation has become available. Ultimately, the presence of helicopters is vital to effectively reach areas which are inaccessible by fixed wing aircraft. Operating in close coordination with the Nigerian military, UNHAS has so far facilitated access for the humanitarian community to the towns of Bama, Dikwa, Monguno, Gwoza, Pulka, Banki, Baga,
      Damasak, Ngala, Rann and Damboa, enabling them to implement and monitor their projects, conduct assessment missions, support vaccination activities and assist with the distribution of essential and lifesaving aid.
    1. Both rotary and fixed wing air operations are also crucial to ensure required capacity for essential medical and security evacuations of humanitarian staff.
    1. As of 8 February, UNHAS requires further donor contributions of US$ 23,000,000.00 in order to be able maintain its current level of operation in Nigeria throughout 2018. Without immediate contributions provided by donors, UNHAS will need to discontinue its services in Nigeria by March 2018.
      Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) data reports over 28,000 new arrivals in the following LGAs9: Gwoza, Bama, Ngala, Monguno, Kala Balge, Dikwa, Marte, Mafa, eastern Konduga, Askira/Uba, Damboa and Madagali.
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.