Nigeria

Nigeria Humanitarian Fund: 1st Standard Allocation 2017

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NIGERIA HUMANITARIAN FUND

In February 2017, the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator launched the Nigeria Humanitarian Fund (NHF) – a Country-Based Pooled Fund (CBPF) managed by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian (OCHA) – in support of life-saving humanitarian and recovery operations. On 17 May 2017, the NHF Advisory Board requested the launch of a first round NHF Allocation 2017. The overall objectives guiding this, and future NHF allocations, include:

• Support principled, prioritized life-saving assistance.

• Strengthen coordination and leadership through the function of the Humanitarian Coordinator and the sector coordination system, promoting synergies and multi-sectoral responses.

• Expand assistance to hard-to-reach areas through frontline responders and enabling activities.

• Leverage the Nigerian private sector in support of humanitarian response.

HUMANITARIAN CONTEXT

  1. As it reaches its eighth year, the effect of armed conflict between Boko Haram and military counter operations in North East Nigeria has reached devastating proportions with widespread forced displacement, acute food and nutrition insecurity and serious violations of international humanitarian and human rights law. While Nigerian Armed Forces and community security groups have made significant territorial gains and humanitarian access has improved in 2016/17, large groups of the population in six local government areas (LGAs) in Borno State still remain inaccessible. Thirteen LGAs in Borno, 5 in Yobe and 1 in Adamawa states are partially accessible through military secured main routes. Reaching all people in need remains a challenge due asymmetric warfare and large-scale armed conflict.

  2. Malnutrition and food insecurity has reached extreme levels in parts of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states. Countrywide assessments conducted throughout 2016, established that over 4.4 million people were in crisis (phase 3), emergency (phase 4), or famine (phase 5) situations in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states. The Cadre Harmonise of February 2017 estimates that 4.7 million people are in the three categories and the figure is expected to increase to 5.2 million between June and August with about 44,000 people already in famine conditions.

  3. Lack of basic shelters, clean water, latrines and shower facilities is increasing the risk of communicable diseases, including cholera, and exacerbates malnutrition rates among children under five. Water and Sanitation infrastructure needs to be urgently rehabilitated/built in newly accessible LGAs to prevent waterborne diseases.

  4. There are an estimated three million conflict affected children without access to basic education. Prior to the conflict school enrolment and attendance rates in North East Nigeria were among the lowest in the country with girls particularly lagging behind. In some areas schooling has been interrupted for over two years due to armed conflict and overcrowding. In a marginalized area that was already underserved in terms of access to education, the targeted destruction of more than 1,200 schools had a devastating impact upon children’s right to education.

  5. Protection needs, particularly in recently accessible areas, remain severe, especially for vulnerable groups including women and children. Civilians face grave human rights violations and human rights abuses including death, injury, sexual and gender-based violence, arbitrary detention, disappearances, and forced displacement. IDP sites are frequent targets for attacks by Boko Haram.

  6. There are limited safe, voluntary and sustainable returns of IDPs and refugees. While movement is being organized to bring IDPs back towards their areas of origin, most IDPs are being placed within LGA capitals, and therefore remain displaced. The organized movements of IDPs into their LGAs, without access to the rural areas and agricultural inputs will likely further increase their vulnerability. As of May 2017, the continued return of displaced persons to their areas of origin continues to stretch already scarce resources to the limit. Since 9 April, more than 6,000 returnees have been registered with the National Immigration Service, and the first two weeks of May were characterized by a significant influx of returnees from Cameroon (1,500 refugees reported to have returned from Minawao camp). Reports are anticipating an additional 2,500 refugees expected to enter shortly through the Ngala and Banki border posts. The conditions in return areas are very poor and camp sites are overcrowded. The situation continues to deteriorate with serious protection implications.

  7. Health facilities in the conflict affected areas have been completely or partially damaged leaving them unable to deliver adequate health provision. According to the Health Resources Availability Monitoring System report (HeRAMS), one third of more than 700 health facilities in Borno State have been completely destroyed. Of those facilities remaining, one third is not functioning at all. The State Government and health partner’s capacity to respond has been overstretched with the continued increasing requirements. Capacity has been reduced to such an extent that in Borno State there is virtually no secondary health provision outside of the capital Maiduguri and access to primary services is limited and not comprehensive in most locations.

  8. The start of the 2017 rain- and lean season is putting increased pressure on humanitarian actors to scale up their response before road access is longer possible due to i.e. flooding. The first storms and heavy rainfall of this season damaged hundreds of emergency shelters, latrines, temporary learning spaces, as well as permanent infrastructure.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.