Nigeria GBV Sub-sector Working Group Monthly Report - May 2017

Situation Report
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Situational Overview

Extreme levels of violence and destruction characterize the on going insurgency in North East Nigeria. The conflict between the government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the Boko Haram group has widely affected the population in the states of Borno, Adamawa, Yobe, Gombe, Bauchi and Taraba. As the conflict intensified, women, girls and children have disproportionately been affected and the prevalence of sexual and gender-based violence has drastically increased. For instance, reports indicate that over 40% of the health care infrastructure has been destroyed by the conflict raising serious reproductive and other health concerns for women and girls. The humanitarian needs for life saving Gender Based Violence (GBV) and sexual and reproductive health interventions are identified as needing urgent attention and prioritization beyond what the current response is able to meet.

Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (SEA): Continues to be a reality in the NE with increasing reports received, at least 10 cases reported & followed since January 2017. The reliance on humanitarian aid remains a risk factor for beneficiaries, while preliminary results from community consultations reveal that perpetrators include – drivers, CJTF, military, police, staff of local NGOs and government humanitarian workers, host community (A report to be shared soon). Fear of reporting and lack of awareness continues to impede provision of services, while safety and security remains a major concern for survivors who develop confidence to report.

Security and access: General security situation remains fluid and unpredictable. The Nigeria Defence Forces (NDF) counter insurgency initiatives continue with active fighting at the border areas with Cameroon and Chad in the bid to root out the Boko Haram insurgents. The group (BH) though fragmented remains resistant and continues to wage asymmetric attacks, most recently in the outskirts of Maiduguri while cases of suicide bombings, attacks on convoys, active shooter incidences all targeting civilians are undermining security and access. As a result there is limited movement of partners, transportation of supplies to enhance services to beneficiaries.

Sudden Displacements and Population Movements: The state government of Borno has reversed its earlier position to return IDPs to their original homes and has committed to allow for dignified and voluntary returns in line with the provisions of the Kampala Convention. However, reports of population movement due to different triggers such as military operations continue to raise key gender specific protection concerns especially for women, girls and children. For instance, between 21st to 27th March 2017, 874 new arrivals were registered in Dikwa, while Jere registered 553 and 1,114 in Ngala among other areas (DTM ETT Report Week 7). The counter insurgency